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Richardson, Meriam & Co.
Wood Working Machinery
Date of Manufacturer:
4/13/2003 1:11:45 PM
This machine belongs to Bill McCarthy, who has completed restored it and plans to run it in his personal "museum" shop, with a steam-driven lineshaft.
This planer is of the Woodworth type; William Woodworth's 1828 patent (X5,315) was a key contributor to the Industrial Revolution, because it enabled the mass production of flooring, siding, and framing lumber. Woodworth sold his patent rights to a syndicate of wealthy and rapacious investors, who used bribery and punitive litigation to maintain a monopoly on the licensing of planing mills. Their monopoly ended in 1856 when Scientific American spearheaded a massive protest against another extension of the Woodworth patent.
Richardson, Meriam & Co. was one of the companies that arose to make Woodworth and Daniels planers once those patents expired. They were in operation from about 1866 until 1876.
Overall view of the planer.
Label. The referenced patent is no. 64,064, for a self-lubricating journal box.
Cutterhead and feedworks.
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