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Manufacturers Index - Baxter D. Whitney & Son, Inc.
Patents
This page contains information on patents issued to this manufacturer.

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Patent Number Date Title Name City Description
1,522 Mar. 25, 1840 Machine for stretching cloth in the process of fulling George W. Lawton Winchendon, MA Of interest because co-inventor Whitney went on to patent and manufacture woodworking machinery.
    Machine for stretching cloth in the process of fulling Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA  
17,992 Aug. 11, 1857 Machine for smoothing planed wooden surfaces Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA This is a fixed-blade planer, which scrapes the surface of rough stock. "The object of my present invention is to obtain a machine that will be capable of smoothing the surfaces of boards and similar stuff, whether such stuff has been previously reduced to a uniform thickness and perfectly plane surface or not; and this I accomplish by allowing the block which carries the scraper or smoothing knife to have a small amount of vibration to accommodate to any inequalities in the surface to be smoothed, while the stuff rests on a rigid plane bed or carriage.
"This machine will be found particularly well adapted to smooth the surfaces of thin stuff such as is used for the hoop or sides of light wooden boxes (cheese boxes &C.) and veneered stuff."
The 1871-07-22 issue of Scientific American carried a list of patents for which extensions were requested, including this one. The extension was subsequently granted.
AI186 Jan. 12, 1858 Bench plane Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
29,534 Aug. 07, 1860 Lathe Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
60,812 Jan. 01, 1867 Improvement in planing-machines Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA The innovation here is a means of preventing the buildup of pitch on the feed-rolls. "My invention consists in making the size of the back-pressure feed-roll or rolls, or the size of the gear-wheel which drives them, so as to give the surface of the roll or rolls a greater or less motion than the front feed-rolls and lumber to be planed, thus causing the back roll rolls to slip a trifle on the planed surface, and thereby preventing any accumulation on the rolls, to cause indentations in the planed wood."
99,810 Feb. 15, 1870 Improvement in wood-turning lathe Edward Ripley Rutland, VT Improvement to patent 29,534, which is one of the very early back-knife lathe patents.
    Improvement in wood-turning lathe Loring Atwood Rutland, VT  
103,532 May. 24, 1870 Improvement in machines for bottoming fruit-baskets Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
103,533 May. 24, 1870 Improvement in cutters for cutting the bodies of fruit-baskets Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
126,602 May. 07, 1872 Improvement in band-sawing machines Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
126,603 May. 07, 1872 Improvement in machines for sawing staves Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
126,764 May. 14, 1872 Improvement in band-sawing machines Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA Note that Hezekiah B. Smith (founder of H. B. Smith Machine Co.) was a witness to this patent.
137,583 Apr. 08, 1873 Improvement in band sawing-machines Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
165,463 Jul. 13, 1875 Improvement in band sawing-machines Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA Inventor was the principal of woodworking machinery maker Baxter D. Whitney & Son.
259,958 Jun. 20, 1882 Bed and presser for planing-machines Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
302,456 Jul. 22, 1884 Compound lathe chuck Herbert W. Howe Hubbardston, MA
    Compound lathe chuck Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA  
305,647 Sep. 23, 1884 Planing-machine Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
342,664 May. 25, 1886 Gearing Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
343,352 Jun. 08, 1886 Gearing Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
351,676 Oct. 26, 1886 Machine for smoothing wood surfaces Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
371,399 Oct. 11, 1887 Planing-machine Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA Improvements to patent 259,958.
434,284 Aug. 12, 1890 Saw-gage Byron S. Loveland Winchendon, MA Assignee Whitney invented the rotary surface planer in 1837, and founded machine maker Baxter D. Whitney & Son, Inc. He died in 1915, aged 98. The invention itself is a rip fence.
459,325 Sep. 08, 1891 Feed-roller Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
489,772 Jan. 10, 1893 Stave-sawing machine Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
515,388 Feb. 27, 1894 Machine for cutting barrel-staves, &c. Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
577,904 Mar. 02, 1897 Expansible reamer Baxter D. Whitney Winchendon, MA
746,719 Dec. 15, 1903 Barrel-stave-sawing machine Byron S. Loveland Winchendon, MA
1,338,822 May. 04, 1920 Cutter William C. Farnum Winchendon, MA
1,363,192 Dec. 21, 1920 Cutter-head William M. Whitney Winchendon, MA "The primary object of the invention ... is to provide means for removably securing a cutter head to its driving spindle, which will not necessitate the cutting-away of the interior of the cutter head. A more specific object of the present invention is to provide a cutter head with an integral boss formed at one end thereof, and to so construct this boss that it may be firmly but removably secured to the driving spindle of a shaper or other form of cutting machine."
1,363,476 Dec. 28, 1920 Scraping-tool-forming machine Byron S. Loveland Winchendon, MA An improvement to patent 390,931; this machine sharpens veneer scrapers.
1,383,707 Jul. 05, 1921 Art of making gear-cutters William C. Farnum Winchendon, MA
1,386,082 Aug. 02, 1921 Drum-saw machine William M. Whitney Winchendon, MA
1,405,879 Feb. 07, 1922 Swinging bracket for heel-shaping machines John H. Vinton Keene, NH
1,460,874 Jul. 03, 1923 Woodcutting machine Alphonzo White Winchendon, MA
1,460,875 Jul. 03, 1923 Rotary gear pump Alphonzo White Winchendon, MA
1,476,385 Dec. 04, 1923 Indicator Alphonzo White Winchendon, MA "This invention relates to indicators for use upon internal grinding machines to indicate the adjustment of the grinding wheel. It is now common practice to grind the cylinders of internal combustion engines and other cylindrical surfaces to size..."
1,499,949 Jul. 01, 1924 Spindle-lubricating means Willard N. Sawyer Winchendon, MA
1,509,056 Sep. 16, 1924 Spindle-holding means Willard N. Sawyer Winchendon, MA
1,515,641 Nov. 18, 1924 Drum-saw machine William M. Whitney Winchendon, MA
1,527,098 Feb. 17, 1925 Grinding-machine bearing Alphonzo White Winchendon, MA "A special type of grinding machine designed to grind out the cylinders of internal combustion engines..."
1,567,865 Dec. 29, 1925 Woodworking machine Willard N. Sawyer Winchendon, MA
1,580,094 Apr. 06, 1926 Tool-operating machine Alphonzo White Winchendon, MA
1,776,236 Sep. 16, 1930 Stopping mechanism for electrically-driven spindles Frank S. McQueston Winchendon, MA This is an improvement to patent 1,776,238.
1,776,238 Sep. 16, 1930 Method of and mechanism for stopping rotary shaper spindles Robert L. Smith Winchendon, MA See also patent 1,776,236.
1,782,243 Nov. 18, 1930 Cutter spindle Frank S. McQueston Winchendon, MA
1,798,512 Mar. 31, 1931 Wood shaping and finishing machine Otis W. Young Winchendon, MA An improvement to patent 1,597,748.
1,921,715 Aug. 08, 1933 Wood shaper Alphonzo White Winchendon, MA
    Wood shaper William M. Whitney Winchendon, MA  
1,961,044 May. 29, 1934 Fluid actuated clamp Alphonzo White Winchendon, MA
    Fluid actuated clamp Austin W. Hawes Winchendon, MA  
2,125,239 Jul. 26, 1938 Workpiece drive for power shaping machines Austin W. Hawes Winchendon, MA Stock-feeding mechanism
2,141,631 Dec. 27, 1938 Wood-shaping machine Austin W. Hawes Winchendon, MA An improvement to patent 1,567,865.
    Wood-shaping machine William M. Whitney Winchendon, MA  
2,142,863 Jan. 03, 1939 Duplex wood shaping machine William M. Whitney Winchendon, MA An improvement to patent 1,567,865.