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Manufacturers Index - E. & B. Holmes Machinery Co.

E. & B. Holmes Machinery Co.
Buffalo, NY, U.S.A.
Manufacturer Class: Wood Working Machinery, Metal Working Machinery & Steam and Gas Engines

Patents
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Patent Number Date Title Name City Description
17,329 May. 19, 1857 Machine for making washboards Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY This is the earliest patent we have found to Edward and Britain Holmes, the brothers who found barrel-machine maker E. & B. Holmes. The latest patent we have found to them was 904,480, granted 51 years later, in 1908.
    Machine for making washboards Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
18,398 Oct. 13, 1857 Ditching Machine Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY Having now fully set forth our improvements in connection with parts which are old, what we claim as new with respect to the plow, and desire to secure by Letters Patent is—
1. The horizontal blade D, the expanding side cutters D, and elevating apron , when arranged and operating together substantially as herein set forth.
2. We claim the combination of the elevating belt A , and compressing belt H, (or equivalents) with the elevating apron &, for the purpose of taking the dirt from the apron, and continuing its passage up, until dropped on to the horizontal conveyer substantially as herein set forth.
S. We also claim the scraper W, for the purpose of scraping the dirt from the elevating belt, any going its direction, so that it will fall upon the transverse conveyer, substantially as herein described.

    Ditching Machine Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
26,766 Jan. 10, 1860 Machine for dressing staves Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY The object of our invention is to plane split staves in such a manner that the grain of the wood, may not be cut crosswise of the stave; or (in other words) so that the stave may be dressed to its desired thickness and form, and at the same time retain the natural crooks and winds of the timber.
    Machine for dressing staves Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
31,169 Jan. 22, 1861 Stave-machine Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY Operation: Our machine is, adapted to dressing barrel staves of every description, differing in lengths, widths, and bilge, and of any required bevel. It is also adapted to dressing staves for butter firkins, pails, wash tubs, &c. Either form of cam herein described may be used when dressing barrel staves. When the machine is used for dressing other kinds of staves, we use cams upon the same cam shaft, and in the same arrangement of parts, but differing somewhat from the cams herein described, in their outline form. To prepare the machine for dressing any required form of stave, move the revolving bed along until one of its stops (a'), is one half the required length of stave past the central line of cut. Then place the cam No. 1 so that its longest radii will stand perpendicular to and above the cam shaft, when the middle of the stave is on said central line of, cut. If cam No. 2 is used, then place it so that the center of the half circle described on the face of the cam, will stand perpendicular to and above the cam shaft when the middle of the stave is on the said central line of cut. The action and effect of both forms of cams when thus placed, will be the same. Then put in a gear wheel HO (D,) which has the requisite number of cogs to give the cam shaft such proportional velocity as to cause the cam (through the described arrangement of parts,) to move the jointers to their greatest distance apart (i. e. the required width of stave) at such time as the bed has carried the middle of the stave to the said central line of cut. Then turn the hand wheel X, Y, X, so as to move the cam and clutch bar laterally on the cam shaft, until the stop 5' shall meet the gage, which indicates the required width of stave. The machine will then be ready for operation, and will dress most perfectly the kind of stave for which it has been set. The machine may in like manner be set for any kind of stave required.

    Stave-machine Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
31,459 Feb. 19, 1861 Stave-machine Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY The nature of our invention relates, first, to connecting the cutter frame to the stationary or gear frame of the machine by means of flexible or yielding connections so the cutter frame may oscillate or move in any direction according to the peculiar requirements of each stave to be dressed; second, in the arrangement of yielding or flexible mouth pieces in a cutter frame which has a yielding or flexible connection to the gear or stationary frame so as to allow a crooked or winding stave to pass between them and at the same time steady and hold the stave so as to insure the proper action of the cutters thereon.

    Stave-machine Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
36,186 Aug. 12, 1862 Improvement in machines for crozing and chamfering staves Henry Wilde Newark, NJ
1,433 Sep. 15, 1862 A new and improved stave dressing machine Edward Holmes ON, Canada XC patents are Canadian patents issued between 1824 and 1869.
1,434 Sep. 15, 1862 Improvements in machine for jointing staves Edward Holmes ON, Canada XC patents are Canadian patents issued between 1824 and 1869.
1,435 Sep. 15, 1862 New and improved hoop driving and stave crozing machine Edward Holmes ON, Canada XC patents are Canadian patents issued between 1824 and 1869.
37,719 Feb. 17, 1863 Improvement in hoop-driving and barrel-crozing machines Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY Operation: The staves forming the barrel are, in the first place, set up with a truss-hoop on each end in a common manner. The drivers are then expanded by means of the expanding-arms D and disk D'.' One of the drivers is released from the arm through the slot d3, and dropped down so as to make ample room to pass the barrel in and place it upon the annular table, the downward end of the staves passing into the annular table, so that the lower truss-hoop will rest upon the annular-beet table. The bilge truss-hoop is now put on, and the drivers contracted or drawn inwardly, so that the hooks e2 will catch upon the upper edge of the bilge truss hoop. The main shaft is now moved longitudinally in the direction to bring the, wheel W in contact with the friction-wheel X, and thereby revolve the screw E in the direction to run the head-piece c (and thereby the drivers) downwardly a distance to bring the required strain upon the truss-hoop. The drivers are then released of their hold by a movement of the disk and expanding-arms. Then the quarter-hoop is put on and driven in the same manner. The driving of these two (or more) hoops has also pressed the barrel into the under-head hoop, so that the barrel is now ready to croze on one end. The ring E, by reason of the ends of the staves resting thereon, will hold them perpendicular, and prevent them, or either of them, from slipping out of place while the power is applied. Any amount of power which the staves or the truss-hoops are able to bear may in this manner be applied. The truss-hoops being thus driven, and the staves pressed as tightly together as required, the wedge L is withdrawn sufficiently to allow the ring K to drop away from the staves and make room for the free working of the chamfering, crozing, and howeling tools. This being done, the tool-head M, which carries the chamfering, crozing, and howeling tools, is put into motion and revolved with great rapidity, and the operator, by means of the arrangement of the pinion B, incline shaft S', wheel nut E, vertical shaft Q, cross-head P, and hinged arias O, can bring the said tools gradually to their work with such depth of cut as the work will bear. The chamfering, howeling, and crozing is done in one operation in a most perfect and satisfactory manner. The barrel is then turned end for end and the same process repeated.

37,720 Feb. 17, 1863 Improvement in stave-dressing machines Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY This is an improvement on patent # 31,459.
The nature of my improvements relates, first, to providing a journal or journals for the support of the cutter-frame, which journal or journals are so connected to the cutter-frame as to support the cutter-frame and allow it to oscillate thereon; second, in so connecting the cutter-frame to the stationary or gear frame of the machine as to admit of a weight or equivalent to counterbalance the cutter frame; third, in projecting bars or rods from the stationary frame as a means of support and as a connection of the cutter-frame to the stationary frame, which bars are so constructed and connected to both frames as to admit of a compound joint-like movement.
80,481 Jul. 28, 1868 Improvement in machines for crozing and howeling barrels Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY The nature of our invention consists in the combination of a guide-rest with a cutter-head carrying chamfering, croziug, and howeling cutters in such manner that the action of said cutters will be gauged from the exterior surface of the cask, and thereby a true and uniform chamfer, croze, and bowel obtained.
What we claim as our invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is;.
The combination of the cutter-head H, supported by the swinging frame I, with the rest J, supported by the swinging frame K, oscillating upon a common axis with the cutter frame, when said frames K and I are provided with a locking mechanism by which the cutter-head may be held at a definite distance from the rest, and thereby made to follow the curvature of the cask, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

    Improvement in machines for crozing and howeling barrels Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
80,482 Jul. 28, 1868 Improvement in machines for leveling the staves in barrels Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY The nature of this invention consists in leveling casks and forcing or pressing them into the proper shape for chamfering, crossing, and howeling by the application of mechanical power.

    Improvement in machines for leveling the staves in barrels Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
80,483 Jul. 28, 1868 Improvement in Machines for Jointing Staves Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY The nature of this invention consists, first, in providing the lower clamp-bar with several series of transverse ribs of equal depth but varying length, each piece being hinged at its center independently of the others, in combination with a transverse curvature in the upper clamp-bar, so that staves of different width will be held at different angles, as will be more fully described, in order to present them to the cutters in a manner to give them the required bevel and bilge due to their widths; second, in two feed-arms or eveners supported upon a rock-shaft and pressed against the underside of the upper clamp-bar by means of a weighted arm attached to the said rock-shaft for the purpose of feeding the staves evenly to the action of the knives in a manner to make the ends of the staves of equal width; third, in the combination of a friction-clutch, weighted lever, and pedal, by which means the gearing which operates the clamp may be stopped instantaneously whenever required; fourth, in the combination and arrangement of a rock-shaft carrying pinions or segments upon each end, which gear with stationary racks in such-manner that by taking hold of an arm connected to said shaft the same, may be revolved for the purpose of operating the clamp, and thereby feeding the staves to the action of the cutters.
    Improvement in Machines for Jointing Staves Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
81,274 Aug. 18, 1868 Improvement in power-windlass for making casks Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY The nature of oar invention consists, in combining in a windlass, a friction-driving pulley, to prevent any injurious or breaking strain being brought upon the truss-rope or windlass, and a clutch-coupling to the windlass drum, so that the drum may be readily disengaged and reversed to unwind the truss-rope therefrom, whereby the windlass is specially adapted to apply engine-power to trussing of casks.

    Improvement in power-windlass for making casks Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
94,315 Aug. 31, 1869 Improvement in dumping-wagons Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY Forbush & Hyatt - patent attorneys
The inventor was better-known for his barrel-making machinery.

My invention, which relates more particularly to heavy or lumber wagons, consists, first, in connecting the forward bolster with the axle by means of a pivot-post from the former, which fits and turns in an elevated socket or sleeve of the latter, whereby the use of the ordinary hounds or braces and turntable are dispensed with; second, in the employment of a rubber spring in the base of said socket, so that the forward end of the load may rest thereon; third, in the construction of the tubular cast-iron axles, as hereinafter described; fourth, in forming an oil reservoir or chamber around the shanks of the journals by enlarging the sockets formed for their reception in the end of cast-iron axles, and, in connection therewith, forming a groove along the upper side of the journal leading from such reservoir, in which the oil from the latter is gradually and automatically fed to the journals, as required; fifth, of a transversely-divided and dumping bottom or box, the two sections thereof so arranged as to dump the load toward the center of the space between the two axles, leaving it, when required, in a compact heap, whereby the running-gear is protected from the sand and other dirt which usually falls thereon, while the shortness of the sections enables them to be swung back away from the ground, so as to permit the wagon to readily pass over the unloaded mass; sixth, in the arrangement of a rearward projecting arm from the forward cast bolster, with the brace connecting the under side of the axle with the dumping-axis of the forward section of the bottom, for securing and bracing the parts.
141,003 Jul. 22, 1873 Improvement in machines for jointing staves Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY Our improvements relate to that kind of machines in which the knives are arranged in a circular disk or wheel, the stave to be operated upon being secured to a stave-holder or swing hinged in the vertical center line of the cutter wheel, above and below the same, so that the stave can be brought in contact with the cutter-wheel on each side of said center line by swinging the stave-holder accordingly.

    Improvement in machines for jointing staves Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
RE5,626 Oct. 21, 1873 Improvement in machines for crozing and chamfering staves Henry Wilde Newark, NJ Jay Hyatt - patent attorney
The invention relates to that class of machines in. which the cylinder of staves to be dressed is secured between, two chucks, and slowly revolved, so as to bring the successive portions of each end of the stave-cylinder in engagement with rapidly-revolving dressing tools or cutters.

158,213 Dec. 29, 1874 Improvement in machines for planing barrel-heads Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY Jay Hyatt - patent attorney
Our invention consists in the combination, with the bed and revolving cutter-head, of fan-blades and a fan-case, for creating an air current, by which the shavings are carried off; also, in the relative arrangement of the two pairs of feed-disks; and, lastly, in the combination, with the slotted bed-plate, of an adjustable shield or gate for preventing undue admission of air to the fan-case.


    Improvement in machines for planing barrel-heads Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
166,872 Aug. 17, 1875 Machine for Jointing Staves Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY Jay Hyatt - patent attorney
Our improvements relate to that class of machines which contain a vertical cutter wheel, against the face of which the stave to be jointed is held by a swinging frame. The invention consists, principally, in the combination with the cutter-wheel, of peculiar construction, to be hereinafter more fully set forth, of a fan-case, whereby the cutter-wheel is enabled to operate as a fan and produce an air-current, by which the shavings are carried off. It further consists of various mechanical appliances for properly supporting, clamping, and presenting the stave to the action of the cutter-wheel.

    Machine for Jointing Staves Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
166,873 Aug. 17, 1875 Machine for Sawing Barrel-Heads Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY Jay Hyatt - patent attorney
What we claim as our invention is;
1. The combination of the clamping-heads, cutter, cutter-shaft, and swinging frame or bearings thereof, with the pivot of said swinging frame or bearings made adjustable in line of the axes of the clamping-heads, substantially as and for the purposes herein before set forth.
2. The combination, with the clamping-head D, toggle-joint, and foot-lever, of the locking spring-catch, substantially as herein before set forth.
3. The combination, with the clamping-head D and locking device, of the releasing-cam and shaft A, arm H3, hooked rod A4, and revolving cam I, substantially as and for the purpose herein before set forth.
4. The combination, with the treadle of the clamping mechanism, of the rock-shaft M, arm T, chain M3, spring M5, and swinging cutter-frame J, for simultaneously clamping the head-blank and swinging the cutter in contact with the latter, substantially as herein before set forth.
5. The combination, with the swinging frame and driving-shaft, of the clutch T T' and clutch-arm 2, substantially as and for the purpose herein before set forth.
6. The combination, with the friction-clutch T T' and arm W1, of the auxiliary releasing spring-lever M and adjustable stop W3, substantially as herein before set forth.
7. The combination, with the sliding pivot-block L and clamping-head D, of the oval cam, roller G1, and mechanism connecting the latter with the block L for cutting the heads slightly oval, substantially as herein before set forth.
8. The combination, with the clamping-head D, provided with the oval cam q, of the weight G3, for causing the head D, after being released, to assume the proper position for the nest cutting operation, substantially as herein before set forth.
9. The combination, with the swinging frame and sliding pivot-block L, of the chain m3, connecting with the treadle and provided with a spring for taking up the slack thereof, substantially as herein before set forth.
10. The spring head-rests, arranged so as to be swung out of the way by the head-blank as it revolves, substantially as herein shown and described.

    Machine for Sawing Barrel-Heads Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
188,365 Mar. 13, 1877 Machine for Leveling and Trussing Barrels Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY James Sangster - patent attorney
Our invention consists of two leveling-heads, a reversing-clutch, and lever for giving one or both leveling-heads the necessary for ward and back movement, and a series of adjustable and simultaneously acting truss-hoop drivers, as will be more clearly hereinafter shown.
We claim as our invention—
The combination of a series of simultaneously-acting truss-hoop drivers, G, with the parts H H', arms K1 K2, and footstep J', or its equivalent, for the purposes specified.

    Machine for Leveling and Trussing Barrels Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
197,972 Dec. 11, 1877 Improvement in machines for bending hoops Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY
    Improvement in machines for bending hoops Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
212,381 Feb. 18, 1879 Keg-Trussing Machine Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY James Sangster - patent attorney
This invention relates to the construction of machinery for driving truss-hoops on small casks and kegs of various sizes; and it consists, first, of a vertically-reciprocating cross-head having two or more automatically acting and adjustable truss-hoop-driving arms capable of an adjustment to or from each other in slots radiating from the center of the cross-head, so that they can be easily adjusted to receive kegs or casks of different diameters, in combination with a vertically-adjustable bed provided with two or more automatically-acting truss-hoop-driving arms capable of an adjustment to or from each other for the reasons above stated. The second part of our invention consists in the combination of a spring-plate with the bed, for the purpose of holding the cask up when there is no power being applied to it or the hoops, so as to afford a smooth table on which to set and adjust it, and through which the drivers can pass. The third part of our invention consists of a reciprocating cross-head provided with two vibrating side truss-hoop drivers, in combination with a vertically-moving weighted rod, and a vibrating weighted lever for operating the side truss-hoop drivers, as will be more clearly hereinafter shown. The fourth part of our invention, consists of two weighted vertically-movable rods, both having a rack and adjustable collars, in combination with the cross-head and bed plate or block, provided with a rack-and-pinion movement and weighted levers, arranged so that the upward and downward movement of the cross-head may be applied at any point of its motion to swing the truss-hoop drivers in or out, as will more clearly hereinafter appear. The fifth part of our invention consists of an adjustable bed supported on screws for adjusting it up or down, so that it can be easily adjusted to drive hoops on casks or kegs of different sizes or lengths. The sixth part of our invention consists in the combination of the truss-hoop-driving arms with spring-sleeves and driving-collars, for purposes which will be more clearly hereinafter described.

    Keg-Trussing Machine Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
224,187 Feb. 03, 1880 Machine for making staves Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY James Sangster - patent attorney
The object of this invention is to provide the means for hollowing out the in sides of staves so as to leave the ends the required thickness; and it consists of a suitable bed, cutting apparatus, and feeding device, in combination with an inclined bed for regulating the depth of the cut and its distance from the ends of the stave. Our invention further consists in the process of hollowing out the inside of a stave by feeding it over a horizontal bed, under rotary cutters, and over an inclined bed, whereby the end of the stave is lifted at the proper time to reach the cutters at the required distance from the end, and continues so to rise until the necessary depth is reached, and is then carried forward in a straight line under the cutters, having its support on the extreme ends of the beds until the opposite end reaches and passes along the horizontal bed, when it gradually recedes from the cutters, and then passes out of the machine, which causes that end of the stave to leave the cutters in a similar way the first end approached them, so that both 4° ends of the stave may be cut alike.
    Machine for making staves Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
231,168 Aug. 17, 1880 Drying Kiln Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY James Sangster - patent attorney
The object of the first part of our invention is to produce a continuous rapid circulation of air through the material to be dried and through a thin condensing-space, as will be more clearly hereinafter shown, so as to effect a more thorough and rapid separation of the moisture therefrom, and to prevent the condensing of vapor and the consequent dripping of water within the kiln, which would be again converted into vapor by absorbing more heat therefrom; and it consists of a drying-kiln the sides of which are provided with an outer shell or wall, so as to leave a thin air-space between them, and having a suitable steam-heating device arranged horizontally at the bottom, in combination with a series of cold-water tubes arranged vertically within the said air-space outside of the kiln or drying-chamber, and adapted to any suitable water-forcing device for keeping up a constant current or flow of cold water through the condenser, the inner wall or side of the kiln of said air-space having an opening below to allow the air, after its moisture has been condensed on the cold pipes within it, to pass again into the bottom of the kiln, where it is again heated and passes up through the lumber and kiln, and an opening at the top, through which the air passes, after being again charged with moisture, into the condensing air-space, where it parts with its moisture and passes out, as before. The water on the condenser drips therefrom at the bottom of the air-space into a suitable receptacle, from which it is conducted away. The space in which the condenser is placed, being thin, but having a large area, confines the air within it very close to the cold condensing-tubes, so that it cannot radiate or expand outward from them, as it would if the condenser were placed in the kiln, thereby contracting the cold space without diminishing its area, and causing a more thorough and rapid condensation, as the warm moist air passes through it, than could be otherwise produced, and consequently an increased circulation, the said air-space being outside of the influence of the heat which rises from the kiln. It is obvious that the colder the air is in the condensing-space the more rapid will be its descent through it, and that when warmed after it passes out it will again ascend through the lumber and kiln. The second part of our invention relates to the heating apparatus; and it consists in a peculiar arrangement of the steam-coils at the bottom of the kiln, as will be more clearly hereinafter shown.

    Drying Kiln Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
235,531 Dec. 14, 1880 Apparatus for Drying Barrels Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY Wilhelm & Bonner - patent attorneys
This invention relates to an apparatus for drying barrels or groups of staves set up in the form of barrels by means of truss-hoops. The object of our invention is to produce a simple apparatus into which the barrels or groups of staves to be dried are readily introduced and from which they are easily removed, and in which the operation of drying is carried on expeditiously and economically. Our invention consists of a drying apparatus or kiln provided with skids or rails on which the barrels are supported, and suitable doors arranged in the walls of the drying chamber opposite the ends of the skids for the introduction and removal of the barrels to and from the drying-chamber; suitable heating-pipes arranged in the lower part of the drying-chamber, and one or more openings formed in the upper part of the drying-chamber for the escape of the vapor; also, in the combination with the skids or rails upon which the barrels are supported, of a rod provided with one or more pawls whereby the barrels can be pushed forward over the skids when necessary; also, of the particular construction of said pawls, as will be hereinafter fully set forth.

    Apparatus for Drying Barrels Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
238,688 Mar. 08, 1881 Apparatus for steaming staves Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY
    Apparatus for steaming staves Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
239,099 Mar. 22, 1881 Windlass for Setting up Barrel Bodies Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY Munson & Philipp- patent attorneys
To form a barrel-body a number of properly shaped staves are assembled in circular form, by setting them up in a truss-hoop of suitable dimensions, in which such a number are placed vertically as will, with their edges resting snugly together, form a circular body filling such hoop. Their lower ends being thus I held, their upper ends flare outwardly to a considerable degree add require great power to bring them together so that their edges will meet and be adapted to receive a second truss-hoop, which, with the first truss-hoop, secures the staves in the form of a barrel-body, which may be safely handled in the further manipulations necessary to finish it. The present improvements relate to the machine known as a "windlass," which operates to draw the flaring stave ends together to receive the second trussing-hoop. The invention consists in a novel mechanism controlling the movements of the windlass which winds up the tightening-rope whereby its movements are regulated, and means for slacking said rope and unwinding it from said windlass; also, in combinations of mechanisms.

    Windlass for Setting up Barrel Bodies Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
241,138 May. 10, 1881 Stave-dressing machine Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY
    Stave-dressing machine Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
241,137 May. 10, 1881 Stave Jointing Machine Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY Munson & Philipp- patent attorneys
The separate staves that are assembled in circular form to constitute a barrel-body require to be dressed so that the adjacent or bearing edges in contact shall fit or conform with each other, and thus form a proper joint, which, in "tight work," must be a closely-fitting joint. Such staves must also be bent to impart to them a longitudinal curvature, which produces bilge-form. The dressing of their edges must therefore be an angular cut that slightly bevels their edges, so that they will fit together in a circle, and it must also produce a longitudinal cut that curves from one end to the other of the staves, so as to narrow their end portions, while their centers are left wide or projecting, which staves are thus suited to form a bilged barrel-body. The cutting-wheels for stave-jointers have heretofore been constructed with a face constituted by a straight line from the periphery to a point a considerable distance therefrom, and thence curved down to the inner circle or line of its cutter-carrying portion, and the cutters carried by this wheel have cutting-edges conforming to this shape. These improvements relate to a jointing machine for producing these curved and beveled edge cuts; and the invention consists in a cutting head or wheel, of which the cutter carrying portion is curved from its outer to its inner edge, and which carries adjustable cutters of like curved form, by which structure the stave-edges will be so jointed that a barrel produced from them will be of the required curved form at bilge, quarter, and chine to constitute a barrel of perfect shape, having tight joints that will not leak, and the cubic area of which will correctly gage by the scientific instruments for such purpose; in an improved stave holding and presenting mechanism co-operating with said cutting-head; in an improved means for operating the stave clamps, and other details of construction, all of which will more fully hereinafter appear.
    Stave Jointing Machine Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
241,139 May. 10, 1881 Barrel Trussing Machine Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY Munson & Philipp- patent attorneys
This invention relates to that class of machines in which the staves of a barrel-body are leveled and the truss-hoops are driven at one complete operation of the mechanisms. The invention consists, principally, in an improved construction of the leveling and trussing heads, and the means for operating the same, so that, by a continuous movement of the mechanisms, the stave-ends are evened and the truss-hoops driven.

    Barrel Trussing Machine Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
248,744 Oct. 25, 1881 Machine for grinding steel bars Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY
256,568 Apr. 18, 1882 Method of closing the pores of knots in staves, &c. Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY
292,816 Feb. 05, 1884 Machine for planing barrel-heads Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY
    Machine for planing barrel-heads Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
292,817 Feb. 05, 1884 Windlass for Compressing Barrels Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY James Sangster - patent attorney
The object of this invention is to provide the means for drawing the free ends of the
staves together after their opposite ends have been set tip and secured within a truss-hoop,
so that their edges will meet and be adapted to receive another truss-hoop for securing the staves in the form of a barrel-body which can be safely handled during the further operations required to complete the barrel.
    Windlass for Compressing Barrels Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
297,401 Apr. 22, 1884 Stave-bending machine Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY
    Stave-bending machine Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
335,129 Feb. 02, 1886 Sugar Cane Planter Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY James Sangster - patent attorney
The object of our invention is to produce a cheap practical cane-planting machine that may be used not only as a cane-planter, but also as a useful farm cart or wagon; but its greatest value consists in its cane-planting mechanism, by which we produce a machine that will plant and cover up pieces of cane of any length with rapidity and ease, and with less expense than it can be done by hand
We claim as our invention—
1. A cane-carrying cart or wagon, substantially as described, provided with a pivoted wheel, in front of the vehicle, adapting it for turning short corners, a means for carrying the cane consisting of the platform or platforms upon which it is laid, and a series of vertical bars for keeping it in position, a platform for the operators, and a long narrow unobstructed longitudinal central opening through which long lengths of cane can be dropped into the furrow in continuous rows, substantially as specified.
2. A cane-carrying cart or wagon, substantially as above specified, provided with pivoted frame, having a planting-roller provided with grooves on its periphery, so that as the cane is planted it is pressed into place and straightened by the roller in the position in the furrow in which it can be covered with the earth by the covering device.
3. A three-wheeled carrying cart or wagon having a central longitudinal opening through the floor, through which the cane may be passed and laid into the furrow, the front wheel being adapted to run in the furrow in which the cane is planted.
4. A cane-carrying cart or wagon having a longitudinal opening, in combination with a pivoted roller and covering device frame provided with loosely-hanging guide-arms, so that cane of various lengths dropped or falling lengthwise of the wagon will be guided in a line with it and form a continuous line or row of cane, as described.
5. A sugar-cane planting machine consisting of a wagon or cart having a central longitudinal opening through the frame, a platform for the operators to stand on, and a double series of posts on each side of the longitudinal opening, in combination with a pivoted frame, having a planting-roller and a covering device, for the purposes described.
6. In a sugar-cane planter, the combination of a three-wheeled vehicle or wagon having a longitudinal opening through the center with a pivoted frame, having one or more pivoted guiding-bars, and a planting roller and covering device, as and for the purposes described.
7. In a wagon or cart for planting sugarcane, substantially as specified, the combination of the pivoted frame, carrying the planting-roller and the covering device, with a rope and pulley, secured to the upright posts, as described, for raising and lowering the planting wheel or roller and the covering device, substantially as specified.
    Sugar Cane Planter Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
348,888 Sep. 07, 1886 Apparatus for Heating and Drying Barrels James M. Chambers St. Louis, MO James K. Bakewell - patent attorney
also see patent # 523,552.
My invention relates to the heating and drying of casks or barrels preparatory to the hooping and finishing of same, and has for its object to heat the barrel or cask externally as well as internally, to obviate the necessity and inconvenience of lifting the barrel by hand for placing it around the heater, as at present, and to insure a more thorough and rapid drying of the barrel than by the ordinary means. It consists in a combination and arrangement of apparatus, whereby the barrel or cask is raised into position around the heater, from which the heat is caused to circulate externally and internally around the barrel or cask, the latter descending freely, when dried, from the heater without interfering with the firing and operation thereof.
370,729 Sep. 27, 1887 Journal Box Francis H. Crafts Buffalo, NY James Sangster - patent attorney My invention relates to certain improvements in journal-boxes, whereby they may be easily and quickly adjusted and held rigidly at any point when so adjusted, and whereby the lubricating material may be effectually applied and used with less waste than with ordinary boxes.
I claim as my invention—
1. In a journal-box, the combination of the base portion comprising the lower half of the box and upper portion forming the upper half of the box, two chambers adapted to receive different kinds of lubricating material and passages for conducting the same to the shaft, and means for adjusting the upper half, substantially as described.
2. In a journal-box, the combination of the upper and lower portions, bolts for adjusting it, and a pivoted piece, for releasing the upper portion of the box, substantially as described.
3. In a journal-box, the lower half, having the angular projecting piece, slots, and forward-projecting piece, in combination with the upper portion, adjusting screws, bolts, and a pivoted bar, provided with bolts, as and for the purposes described.
395,487 Jan. 01, 1889 Pressure-plate for planing-machines Francis H. Crafts Buffalo, NY
397,834 Feb. 12, 1889 Chip-breaker Francis H. Crafts Buffalo, NY
412,452 Oct. 08, 1889 Guide-bar for planing-machines Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
440,018 Nov. 04, 1890 Device for Adjusting the Pressure Plates of Planing Machines Francis H. Crafts Buffalo, NY
484,431 Oct. 18, 1892 Gang Edging Machine Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY James Sangster & Co. - patent attorneys
Our invention consists in certain improvements in gang edging-machines, and will be fully and clearly hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which— Figure 1 is a side elevation of a gang edging machine, showing as much of the machine as is necessary to properly illustrate our invention. Fig. 2 is a reverse side elevation of a portion of the machine, showing a similar view of the feeding mechanism for adjusting the speed of the feed-rolls, so as to adapt the speed of the feeding mechanism for different thicknesses and different kinds of material to be sawed.

    Gang Edging Machine Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
512,704 Jan. 16, 1894 Device for Directing Hoops on Barrels Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY James Sangster - patent attorney The object of our invention is to provide a convenient and rapid means for guiding hoops on barrels, or whereby they may be quickly put in position so that they may be drawn in place on a barrel by any well known hoop driving machine.
We claim as our invention—
1. In a machine for guiding hoops on barrels, the combination with the hoop guiding mechanism consisting of a series of inwardly inclined curved tapering guide plates arranged in a circle so as to form a portion of a cone and secured to bars located in slideways radiating from the center, and a series of supporting feet and stops operating on the inside of the staves of a barrel, for gaging the distance the guide plates shall project over the outer edge of the barrel, substantially as described.
2. The combination with a series of tapering inclined guide plates mounted on an expanding and contracting frame and arranged substantially in a circle thereon, wheel and its connecting mechanism for contracting and expanding-the, and a spring yielding mechanism substantially as above described whereby the guide plates are capable of being expanded and contracted and at the same time are capable of yielding against the 'force of the spring mechanism substantially as described.
3. In a device for guiding hoops on barrels, the combination of a series of inwardly inclined curved tapering guide plates arranged in a circle so as to form a portion of a cone and secured to sliding bars located in slide-ways radiating from the center, a series of pointed feet for-supporting the device on the top of the barrel and holding it securely in place thereto, a corresponding-series of arms pivoted to the sliding bars at their outer ends, and to a plate adapted to be turned at a central shaft by a hand wheel for expanding or contracting the circle of the series of curved tapering guide plates, and springs for keeping them outward, substantially as described.


    Device for Directing Hoops on Barrels Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
571,879 Nov. 24, 1896 Variable Speed Countershaft Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY James Sangster - patent attorney
See also patents #601,440.
My invention relates to certain improvements invariable-speed counter-shafts, their starting, stopping, and reversing mechanism.
I claim as my invention—
1. In a motional gearing, the combination, with a longitudinally-movable rotatable shaft having a disk at one end thereof, of a carriage adjacent to and movable in a plane parallel with the face of the disk, a rotatable shaft journaled in said carriage having a disk at one end, the face of which is at an angle to said first-mentioned disk, mechanism intermediate the carriage and the longitudinally movable shaft for automatically moving the carriage when the first-mentioned shaft is moved longitudinally, and means for moving the shaft so as to place the disk into or out of contact, substantially as set forth.
2. In Motional gearing, a rotatable shaft having a disk mounted thereon at one end thereof, slideways at right angles to said shaft, carriage reciprocably movable on said slideways, a rotatable shaft journaled in said carriage and having a disk secured thereto and adapted to contact with said first-mentioned disk, two bevel-wheels mounted on said first-mentioned shaft, a bevel-wheel adapted to gear with either of said two bevel-wheels and having secured to its shaft a drum with a spiral grooved periphery, and cords connected with said drum and said carriage, said bevel- wheel shaft having its bearing movable on said first-mentioned shaft, said parts being combined substantially as described.
3. In a motional gearing, the combination, with a driven disk and a slideway adjacent thereto and parallel therewith, of a movable carriage upon the slideways, a driven disk upon the carriage at a slight angle to the other disk and adapted to be moved entirely across its face, a lever for moving the disks into and out of engagement, and automatic means for moving the one disk across the face of the . other when the lever is operated, substantially as set forth.
4. In a frictional gearing, the combination, with two disks, one of which is movable entirely across the face of the. other, of a shifting bar capable of movement in two directions, at substantially right angles to each other, and means for connecting the bar with the disks, whereby the movement of the bar in one direction will place the disks into or out of contact, and a movement in the other direction will vary the direction and rate of speed of the disks relatively to each other, substantially as set forth.
5. A variable-speed counter-shaft, consisting of a supporting-frame, a driving-shaft mounted therein, a driving-disk at its forward end, an arm or lever pivoted to the rear hanger, a yielding spring engaging with said arm, means for adjusting the force of said spring, a pivoted box, a thrust-bearing connecting the lower end of said arm. with the rear end of the driving-shaft, a shifting bar and connecting mechanism for moving1 the driving-disk away from the driven disk, or allowing the spring to act and bring the driving-disk into f notional contact with the driven 5 disk, substantially as set forth.
6. In a variable-speed counter-shaft, the combination, with supporting-hangers, of a driving-shaft mounted in suitable boxes in said hangers, a driving-disk at one end of said shaft, an arm pivoted to the rear hanger, a yielding spring engaging with said arm, a boss pivoted in said arm below its pivotal center, a thrust-bearing connecting said arm with, the opposite end of the driving-shaft, a toggle-joint having one end of one of its members located within a recess in the lower end of the pivoted arm, and the other member having one end located in a recess in the lower portion of the rear hanger, and a pivoted shifting bar having depressions at each side of its top end in which are located the two opposite ends of the toggle-joint bars, for moving the driving-shaft and its driving-disk away from the driven disk, substantially as described.
7. In a variable-speed counter-shaft, the combination, with a driving friction-disk, its driving-shaft and operating mechanism, of a supporting-frame, a slideway mounted thereto on, at right angles to the driving-shaft, a sliding carriage mounted on said slideway, a driven disk on said carriage facing the driving-disk at a slight angle thereto so that a portion of one side only is in contact there
35 with, two driving bevel-wheels on the driving shaft, a vertical shaft between said wheels, a beveled driven wheel and winding-drum mounted thereon, cords or cables connecting the winding-drum with the driven-disk carriage, and a pivoted shifting bar and its connecting mechanism, for moving the driven bevel-wheel to or in engagement with one or the other driving bevel-wheels, and thereby causing a movement of the driven disk the face of the driving-disk, substantially as set forth.
8. A variable-speed counter-shaft, consisting of a supporting-frame, a driving-disk capable of a rotary movement in its bearings, two bevel driving-wheels and a driving friction-disk mounted on said shaft, in combination with the supporting-frame, a transverse slideway, a carriage thereon, a driven friction-disk mounted in said carriage, at a slight incline to the working face of the driving disk, so that a portion only on one side of its center is in frictional contact therewith, a driven bevel-wheel, means connecting it with the driven friction-disks, a shifting bar, and means for bringing said driven bevel-wheel into engagement with one or the other bevel driving-wheels on the driving - shaft, and thereby causing a movement of the driven friction-disk on the face of the friction driving-disk, substantially as set forth.
9. In a variable-speed counter-shaft, the combination, with a depending supporting frame, of a driving-shaft mounted therein, capable of a longitudinal and a rotative movement in its bearings, a driving-disk rigidly secured to the forward end of said shaft, an arm pivoted to the rear frame-piece, a spring for moving said arm on its pivotal center in one direction, means for adjusting the force of said spring, a pivoted box, a thrust-bearing connecting the lower end of said arm with the rear end of the driving-shaft, and a shifting bar and connecting mechanism for moving the pivoted arm in an opposite direction against the force of said spring, and thereby operating the driving-disk, substantially as set forth.
10. In a variable-speed counter-shaft, a depending supporting-frame, a transverse slideway mounted on said, frame, a movable carriage mounted on said slideway carrying a driven disk mounted on a shaft so as to be capable of rotation, boxes on said carriage, in combination with a driving-disk rigidly secured to a driving-shaft set nearly at right angles to the driven-disk slideway and mounted in bearings in a depending frame, the driven disk being adapted for contact with a portion of its face on the driving-disk, means including bevel-gearings connected with and operated by the driving-shaft for moving the driven-disk carriage in its slideway and thereby moving the driven disk on the face of the driving-disk, a support for the shaft of one of said bevel-gears, mounted on the shaft of the driving-disk, and a shifting bar for bringing said bevel-gearing in to or out of engagement, substantially as set forth.
11. In a variable-speed counter-shaft, the combination, with the driven-disk carriage and slideway on which it travels, of a clamping device, a spring for closing the same and holding the carriage to the slideway at any point to which it may be adjusted, a carriage releasing bar and means for operating it and no opening the clamp and releasing the carriage, and moving the latter, substantially as set forth.
12. In a variable-speed counter-shaft, the combination with the driven-disk carriage and a slideway upon which it slides back and forth, of a pivoted clamping-bar and a closing spring for locking the driven-disk carriage when adjusted to the desired point, and means substantially as above described, whereby the driven-disk carriage is released just prior to being moved and instantly locked the moment the desired adjustment is made, substantially as set forth.
13. In a variable-speed counter-shaft, the combination, with a driven friction-disk, of a carriage upon which it is mounted on a rotatable shaft, and a track or slideway secured in a depending frame for said carriage to move on, a driving-shaft mounted at right angles to the carriage-slideway in boxes in a depending frame, and capable of a rotating and a longitudinal movement in its bearings, two bevel driving-pulleys mounted on the driving- shaft,, a. shaft mounted below the driving-shaft in boxes and capable of a longitudinal movement only in said boxes, an upright standard mounted: rigidly on said shaft, a vertical shaft journaled in said standards, a winding-drum and bevel-gears secured to said vertical shaft, ropes or cables connected with said winding-drum and with the driven-disk carriage, grooved friction-pulleys for keeping said ropes in position, and means for moving the driven bevel friction wheel from one to the other driving bevel wheels and thereby causing the movement of the :driven friction-disk across the face of the driving-disk, substantially as set forth.
601,440 Mar. 29, 1898 Motor Vehicle Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY James Sangster - patent attorney
My invention relates to certain improvements in conveying vehicles or vessels driven by gas, gasolene, or other engines, whereby the wagon or other vehicle may be made to go forward or back or move at any rate of speed, from its maximum speed downward, while going in either direction, or to stop moving entirely at any time without in any way interfering with the speed or continuous operation or action of the engine.
I claim as my invention—
1. The combination, a conveyance provided with a motor and a propeller, the shaft of the motor being provided with a driving disk, of a frame movable across the face of the disk and in a line with the axis thereof, a shaft journaled in the frame provided with a driven disk and with means for transmitting motion to the propeller, means for manually moving the disk across the face of the driving-disk and means for automatically moving it in a line with the axis thereof during a portion of the manual movement, substantially as set forth.
2. The combination, with a conveyance provided with a motor and a propeller, the shaft of the motor being provided with a driving-disk, of a frame movable across the face of the disk and in a line with the axis thereof, a shaft journaled in the frame, one end of which is provided with a driven disk and the other end is provided with means for transmitting motion to the propeller, a roller for engaging with the frame and forcing said disks apart, and means for moving the frame across the face of the driving-disk, substantially as set forth.
3. The combination, with a conveyance, of vertical bars secured thereto, a plate secured to the bars, a motor upon the plate, the shaft of which is provided with a driving-disk, a frame movable across the face of the disk, a shaft journaled in the frame one end of which is provided with a driven disk and the other end is provided with a sprocket-wheel, a roller upon one of the bars in the path of the frame, a handle for moving the frame past the roller, and a sprocket-chain, substantially as set forth.
4. The combination, with a conveyance provided with a motor and a propeller, the shaft of the motor being provided with a driving-disk, of a frame movable across the face of the disk, a shaft journaled in the frame, one end of which is provided with a driven disk and the other end is provided with means for transmitting motion to the propeller, means for moving the frame, a rod connected with the frame at one end and having its opposite end passed through a bearing, a spring upon the rod, and a nut for adjusting the tension of the spring, substantially as set forth.

609,807 Aug. 30, 1898 Machine for Flaring and Bending Metal Hoops Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY James Sangster - patent attorney
Our invention relates to an improved means for flaring and bending metal hoops
We claim as our invention—
1. In a hoop-flaring roller, the combination with an operating-shaft, of a flanged roller secured to said shaft, a flanged sleeve mounted on the flanged roller so as to be longitudinally movable thereon and so that the side faces of the flanges face each other, means for holding the movable flanged portion toward the other with a yielding force, and means for adjusting the distance it shall move toward the other flanged portion.
2. In a hoop flaring and bending machine, the combination with an operating-shaft, of a flanged roller, a flanged sleeve mounted on said roller so as to be longitudinally movable thereon, and so that the side faces of the flanges will face each other and allow the hoop-forming strip to pass between them, and means for holding one face toward the other with a spring force.
3. In a hoop-flaring roller, the combination with the operating-shaft of a flanged roller rigidly secured to it, a cylindrical tubular flanged portion mounted on the flanged roller and adapted to move easily toward or from the flanged portion of said roller, means for preventing it from, turning on said roller, a spring for keeping it and its flanged portion in their normal position near the roller-flanged portion, and means for adjusting the distance the two flanges shall come toward each other for the purposes described.
4. In a hoop flaring and bending machine, the combination with a flaring-roller shaft of a cylindrical portion, rigidly secured to said shaft and having a face r, a tubular portion or sleeve provided with a reduced central opening adapted to fit and slide on the portion, means for preventing it from turning thereon, an enlarged opening extending from said reduced opening through the sleeve and an exterior screw-thread, a spiral spring within the enlarged opening and surrounding the portion, a screw-threaded portion and nut at the end of the flaring-roller shaft for adjusting the force of said spring, and a cap adapted to screw on to said sleeve for adjusting the distance the faces r and s shall come together, as above set forth.
5. In a hoop flaring and bending machine, the hoop-flaring rollers mounted on the machine and connected by gearing, for bending the hoop in an edgewise direction, their operating mechanism connecting with the driving shaft, and means for adjusting them in the line of a circle toward or from each other, in combination with two rollers for bending the hoop in a transverse direction, gearing connecting said rollers with the driving-shaft for operating them, and means for adjusting said rollers toward or from each other for regulating the size of the hoop to be bent, as above set forth.

    Machine for Flaring and Bending Metal Hoops Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
629,129 Jul. 18, 1899 Barrel Header Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY James Sangster - patent attorney
My invention relates to a novel and independent means complete in itself and not forming part of a press or frame for supporting and guiding the head of a barrel to the croze and the object is to provide a simple, cheap, and easily operated device which is adapted to be seated within the open month of the barrel and to be expanded automatically against the interior of the staves by the passage of the head, thereby circumferentially enlarging the open mouth of the barrel to afford an easy entrance for the head into the croze, spring means being employed to contract the device to its normal circumference after the passage of the head, thus allowing the staves to embrace the head immediately upon its entrance into the croze.

642,793 Feb. 06, 1900 Barrel Head Inserting or Removing Machine Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY James Sangster & Co. - patent attorneys
Our invention relates to a new and useful machine for heading barrels or for removing the top hoops and heads therefrom.
We claim as our invention—
1. In a barrel-head inserting and removing machine, the combination with the driver head and its operating mechanism, of a series of expanding devices pivotally depending from the driver-head and adapted to extend into a barrel and to be expanded or contracted by the movement of said driver-head.
2. In a barrel-head inserting and removing machine, the combination with the driver- no head and its operating mechanism for giving it its required movement up or down, of a series of radially-extending expanders pivotally supported from the driver-head and inclining downward from the center by gravity, their outer ends being adapted to fit in the chime of a barrel and force the same outward by a downward movement of the driver-head, substantially as described.
3. In a barrel-head inserting and removing machine, the combination with the driver head and its operating mechanism, pivoted expanders kept in their normally-contracted position by gravity and provided at their rear ends with devices for forcing the head out or down after the mouth of the barrel has been expanded.
4. In a barrel-head inserting and removing machine, the combination with the driver head and its operating mechanism forgiving it its required vertical movements, of a series of centrally-located radially-pivoted expanders kept in their normally-contracted position by gravity and provided at their rear ends with downward-inclined arms for forcing the head out or down after the mouth of the barrel has been expanded.
5. In a barrel-head inserting and removing machine, the combination with the rotatable driver-head and its operating mechanism, of a vertically-movable pin mounted on the driver-head, means for moving it vertically, and a non-rotatable horizontal plate mounted at the bottom of the driver-head and having holes adapted to receive said pin, for the purpose described.
6. In a barrel-head inserting and removing machine, the combination with the rotatable driver-head and its operating mechanism, of a semicircular toothed bar pivoted to the driver-head and connected with a vertically movable pin mounted on the driver-head, a non-rotatable perforated plate secured below the driver-head, a forked operating-arm pivoted to a rotatable collar at the top of the driver-head and provided with a tooth adapted to engage with teeth in the semicircular toothed bar, a series of driver-arms, and means for connecting said arms to the collar to contract or expand them by the rotation of said collar for the purpose of locking the cross head so that it cannot be turned on its vertical axis, or releasing it so that it may be turned in either direction, as described.
7. The combination with the driver-head and the hoop-drivers, of means connected with the hoop-drivers for picking up the several parts composing a barrel-head and depositing them in their proper positions in the mouth of the barrel.
8. In a barrel-head inserting and removing machine, the combination with the hoop-drivers and their raising and lowering mechanism, of pendent spurs extending from the hoop-driver foot-pins, for the purpose described.
9. In a barrel-head inserting and removing machine, the combination with the driver head, its operating mechanism and the hoop-drivers provided with spurs, of a horizontally swinging table pivoted to the machine and provided with a circular recess adapted to receive the several pieces composing a barrel head.
10. In a barrel-head inserting and removing machine, the combination with the supporting-frame, of a horizontally-swinging and vertically-adjustable table pivoted to said frame and having a circular recess adapted to receive the parts composing a barrel-head, devices for limiting its movement at a point central over a barrel and means for keeping the barrel in a central position on the platform.
11. In a barrel-head inserting and removing machine, the combination with a fly-wheel having two pulley-rims concentrically arranged one within the other, of a friction-pulley mounted in suitable boxes between the two rims on a pivotal supporting-frame normally held from contact with either rim and capable of a rocking movement to permit its movement from one rim to the other and into contact with either, and a hand-lever for moving said friction-pulley from one rim to the other, for the purpose described.
12. In a barrel-head inserting and removing machine, the combination with a cord or cable in the form of a loop adapted to encircle a barrel, of a toggle-joint having its extreme ends pivoted to upright bars, the lower ends of which are pivoted to the supporting-base and their upper ends provided with clamps for rigidly securing the ends of the loop, a vertically-movable sleeve mounted on the machine-frame to which the inner ends of the toggle-bars are pivoted, a transverse bar pivotally connected with said sleeve and having one end pivotally connected by a link with the base and the opposite end pivotally connected with a hand-lever, for reducing the size of a barrel to permit the easy removal of the upper hoops.



    Barrel Head Inserting or Removing Machine Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
    Barrel Head Inserting or Removing Machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY  
643,293 Feb. 13, 1900 Planer-matcher Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Application renewed 07 Sep 1899.
    Planer-matcher Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
    Planer-matcher Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
676,812 Jun. 18, 1901 Sawing Machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Arthur J. Sangster - patent attorney
This invention relates to an improved sawing-machine; and the main object of the invention is to arrange the saw so as to secure increased belt tension as the saw comes in cutting position, and thus prevent slipping.

676,819 Jun. 18, 1901 Machine for Heading-Up Slack Barrels Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY A. J. Sangster - patent attorney
Our invention relates to an improved means for heading and hooping barrels in which the several pieces composing a barrel-head are assembled and temporarily maintained in an assembled condition by a spearing device, the heads being then placed in a barrel-mouth and fastened therein by exterior compression upon the staves and the forcing home of the upper hoops; and the object of the invention is to provide a comparatively simple and easily and rapidly operated means for this purpose.

    Machine for Heading-Up Slack Barrels Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
    Machine for Heading-Up Slack Barrels Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY  
780,037 Jan. 17, 1905 Barrel Stave Compressing Machine Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY A. J. Sangster - patent attorney
This invention relates to a machine for tightening and compressing the staves of a barrel preparatory to putting on the truss-hoops by means of a cable which is drawn around the barrel to compress the staves and held in position until the truss-hoop has been put in place, when the cable is released, and is an improvement upon my Patent No. 239,099. The principal improved feature has reference to a means for shortening or lengthening1 the cable to regulate the size of the loop of the cable, so that it can be adjusted to different sizes of barrels
821,362 May. 22, 1906 Machine for driving barrel-hoops Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY This is the last patent (that we have found, anyway) granted to Edward and Britain Holmes. Their first patent was granted 49 years earlier. Britain died within a few years of this patent being issued.
    Machine for driving barrel-hoops Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
    Machine for driving barrel-hoops Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY  
821,591 May. 22, 1906 Barrel Heater Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY A. J. Sangster - patent attorney
The principal feature of this invention resides in a revoluble support for a plurality of barrels which is rotatably mounted in proximity to the heating mechanism and is turned to move a barrel above or in heating proximity thereto and at the same time move a heated barrel to one side, so that it may be readily removed from the machine. Other features consist of an improved fire box and a counterbalanced hood or casing for covering the barrel. Among the objects of the invention are to increase the capacity of machines of this character and to obviate the necessity of the operator lifting a heated barrel from directly over the fire.

    Barrel Heater Edwin F. Holmes Buffalo, NY  
904,480 Nov. 17, 1908 Lock Cutting Machine for Barrel Hoops Edward Holmes Buffalo, NY A. J. Sangster - patent attorney
We claim as our invention;
1. In a machine of the character described, a frame, cross heads slidably mounted in said frame, a rod connecting said cross heads, hoop lock cutting blades having support from the frame, a loop encircling the connecting rod and operatively attached to the lock cutting blades, a shaft and cranked connections between the shaft and cross heads, substantially as set forth.
2. In a machine of the character described, a frame, cross heads slidably mounted in said frame, a rod connecting said cross heads, hoop lock cutting blades having support from the frame, operating means connecting the rod and lock cutting blades, and means for reciprocating the cross heads, substantially as set forth.
3. In a machine of the character described, a frame, cross heads slidably mounted in said frame, a rod connecting said cross heads, hoop lock cutting blades having support from the frame, operating means connecting the rod and lock cutting blades, means for reciprocating the cross heads and a plurality of holding hooks having stems vertically above the connecting rod, substantially as set forth.
4. In a machine of the character described, a frame, cross heads slidably mounted in said frame, a rod connecting said cross heads, a hoop lock cutter blade mounted on the frame near each end thereof and each blade being arranged to cut oppositely to the other, and one of said blades being adjustable relatively to the other blade, operating means connecting the rod and cutting blades and means for reciprocating the cross heads, substantially as set forth.
5. In a machine of the character described a frame, a hoop lock cutter blade mounted on the frame near each end thereof and each blade being arranged to cut oppositely to the other, one of said blades being adjustable, a lever having operating connection to said adjustable blade and means for locking said lever in its adjusted position.
6. In a machine of the character described, a frame, a hoop lock cutter blade mounted on the frame near each end thereof, one of said blades being adjustable, a lever having operating connection to said adjustable blade, a bar attached to the frame and a series of stops attached to said bar.
7. In a power driven machine for cutting locks in hoops, the combination of hoop holding mechanism, hoop lock cutting mechanism and hoop ejecting mechanism, all of said mechanisms being automatically operated by machine power, whereby the machine is entirely automatic in operation, the operator being merely required to feed the hoop blanks into the machine.
8. In a power driven machine for cutting locks in hoops, the combination of hoop holding mechanism, hoop lock cutting mechanism, hoop ejecting mechanism, and automatic power driven means for operating all of said mechanisms in proper order whereby the machine is entirely automatic in operation.
9. In a machine of the character described, a frame, cross heads slidably mounted in said frame and connected to each other, hoop lock cutting blades having support from the frame and operated from the cross heads and
means for reciprocating the cross heads, substantially as set forth.
10. In a machine of the class described, a main frame, two cutter frames mounted on the main frame and each carrying lock cutters, a plurality of hoop holding hooks, supporting blocks mounted on the main frame and having slideways for some of said hooks, and the cutter frames also having slideways for some of said hooks, substantially as set forth.
11. In a machine of the class described, a frame having a rectangular top bed and vertical end parts, a horizontal longitudinally extending shaft journaled in said frame, a cross head mounted in slideways in each of the end parts so as to slide vertically therein, a horizontal bar connecting said cross heads, a crank mounted at each end of the shaft,
connections between the cranks and cross heads, and lock cutting mechanism having operative connection to the horizontal bar connecting the cross heads, substantially as set forth

    Lock Cutting Machine for Barrel Hoops Britain Holmes Buffalo, NY  
    Lock Cutting Machine for Barrel Hoops Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY  
906,857 Dec. 15, 1908 Horizontal Barrel Trussing Machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY A. J. Sangster - patent attorney
This invention relates to a machine for driving heavy truss hoops on unheaded barrel bodies preparatory to cutting the croze in each end thereof and heading up the barrels. The barrels for which this machine is chiefly designed is that known in the trade as tight barrels or barrels used for holding liquids, such as cider, vinegar, etc., and which have to be made very tight to prevent leaking of the liquid. In this machine the rough barrel bodies composed of staves and preliminary hoops for holding the staves together are placed for the purpose of having heavy metal hoops, known as truss hoops, driven firmly thereon. One of the features of the invention consists in two or more screw threaded rods between which the trussing or hoop driving mechanism is located, said screw threaded rods being connected to said trussing mechanism to reciprocate- the same and being rotated at uniform speed so that the trussing mechanism is always moved in perfect alinement and the strain of the trussing pressure borne at two or more separated points. Another feature consists in corrugating or seriating the annular surface of that portion of one of the trussing rings which comes in contact with the stave ends for the purpose of relieving the dead crushing pressure against the stave ends and thus preventing the splitting or checking of the staves or the crushing of the stave ends.

916,527 Mar. 30, 1909 Cutter-head Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
923,759 Jun. 01, 1909 Machine for Driving Hoops onto Kegs Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY A. J. Sangster - patent attorney
This invention relates to an improved machine for driving hoops upon kegs, such as nail kegs or the like, in which the hoops are driven simultaneously upon both ends of the keg or the like. One feature of the invention has reference to a novel hoop driving mechanism in which the driving arms are automatically closed around the keg as the hoop driving mechanism is operated to drive the hoops into place, and automatically opened as the hoop driving mechanism recedes from the keg after the hoops have been driven home. Another feature of the invention has reference to a novel driving mechanism, so that both driving heads are given a simultaneous forward and back movement toward and from the keg. The object of the invention is to produce a machine of simple, cheap and light construction, occupying a minimum of space

941,404 Nov. 30, 1909 Barrel-making machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
944,356 Dec. 28, 1909 Vertical Hoop Driving Machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY A. J. Sangster - patent attorney
This invention relates to that class of machines used in the manufacture of barrels or the like known as vertical machines and is chiefly designed to be employed for driving hoops on tight-barrels or barrels adapted to contain liquids. One of the features of the invention has reference to a screw bar which is unrotatably attached at its lower end to the driver head and passes through a rotatable screw sleeve on the machine frame, whereby the construction is simplified and lightened and great strength of structure is obtained at the juncture of the driver head and screw bar and the operation of the driver head and its component parts is rendered smoother and easier. Another feature has reference to a power device for radially shifting the driving arms whereby they are shifted powerfully and accurately with great despatch and by minimum exertion on the part of the workman. Another feature has reference to a bottom plate upon which the barrels are supported which is partially rotated automatically when the hoop driving mechanism is elevated to prevent the drivers contacting with the hoop at the same points again should it be necessary to lower the hoop driving mechanism more than once in order to drive the hoops firmly in place. The principal objects of the invention are to obtain great strength of structure, to vertically operate the hoop driving mechanism smoothly and easily to provide for radially shifting the driving arms powerfully and accurately with a minimum of exertion on the part of the operator and to prevent the hoop drivers pressing against the same points on a hoop on successive descents of the hoop driving mechanism.

946,714 Jan. 18, 1910 Machine for heading up barrels Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
988,071 Mar. 28, 1911 Barrel-sanding machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,018,739 Feb. 27, 1912 Machine for Equalizing Barrel Staves Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY A. J. Sangster - patent attorney
Application renewed 18 Jan, 1912.
This invention relates to an improved machine for equalizing barrel staves and the principal object of the invention is to rapidly and accurately cut the ends of staves so that they will be exactly the same in length.
I claim as my invention;
1. In a machine for equalizing staves, the combination with a main frame, saw frames mounted on the main frame, saws rotatably supported in said saw frames, housings in closing said saws, and stave feeding mechanism supported from said housings.
2. In a machine for equalizing staves, the combination of a main frame, saw frames mounted on the main frame, saws rotatably supported in said saw frames, housings inclosing said saws; each of said housings consisting of a lower U shaped member supported from the saw frame, and an upper member pivoted at one end to one of the upper terminals of the U shaped member and stave feeding mechanism supported from the lower members of the housings.
3. In a machine for equalizing staves, the combination of a main frame, saw frames mounted on the main frame, saws rotatably supported in said saw frames, housings inclosing said saws; each of said housings consisting of upper and lower members and stave feeding mechanism supported from the lower members of the housings.
4. In a machine for equalizing staves, the combination of a main frame, saw frames mounted on the main frame, saws rotatably supported in said saw frames, chutes for the sawdust fastened to the saw-frames and housings for the saws, each consisting of a lower member fastened to one of the chutes and an upper member pivoted to the lower member.
5. In a machine for equalizing staves, the combination of a main frame, saw frames mounted on the main frame, saws rotatably supported in said saw frames, chutes for the sawdust fastened to the saw frames, housings for the saws, each consisting of a lower member fastened to one of the chutes and an upper member pivoted to the lower member and stave feeding mechanism supported from the lower members of the housings.
6. In a machine for equalizing staves, the combination of a main frame, saw frames mounted on the main frame, saws rotatably supported in said saw frames, chutes for the sawdust fastened to the saw frames, said chutes each being provided with a horizontal bottom wall which extends obliquely rearwardly and then curves upwardly and a vertical flange through which bolts are fitted to secure the chute to the saw frame, and housings for the saws each consisting of a lower member fastened to one of the chutes and an upper member pivoted to the lower member.
7. In a machine of equalizing staves, the combination of a main frame, saw frames mounted on the main frame, saws rotatably supported in said saw frames, housings inclosing said saws; each of said housings consisting of a lower U shaped member supported from the saw frame and provided with oppositely extending portions, a removable bridge bar which spans the space between the upper ends of the U shaped member, and stave feeding mechanism supported from the housings and including feed chains which pass over and are supported by the bridge bars and oppositely extending portions of the lower members of the housings.

1,027,803 May. 28, 1912 Heading-Up Machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY A. J. Sangster - patent attorney
This invention relates to improvements in machines for heading kegs, barrels and the like and the main object of the invention is to produce a comparatively simple, durable and reliable machine of this character which is semi-automatic in operation.

1,062,874 May. 27, 1913 Machine for Making Barrel Hoops Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY A. J. Sangster - patent attorney
This invention relates to an improved machine for making barrel hoops, and the object of the invention is to produce a machine for the purpose of forming wood barrel hoops and fastening the overlapping ends of the hoops by means of staples driven there through; a machine which is comparatively light in weight but unusually strong and durable; practically automatic in operation, yet simple in construction and devoid of all complicated mechanisms and intricate movements which not only render the machine bulky, but easily get out of order, necessitating frequent repairs. Among the special features of this new and improved barrel hoop making machine, the most prominent are; a device for forming, sizing and holding the barrel hoop; an automatic mechanism for starting and stopping the machine; a staple forming and driving mechanism; a wire feeding mechanism with a selective attachment whereby any particular wire-feed may be cut out of operation; and an automatic staple clenching mechanism for clenching the ends of the staples after they are driven through the overlapping barrel hoop ends.
I claim;
1. In a machine of the class described, a machine frame and a hoop form consisting of an upper member of semi-circular segmeutal form, a lower member of similar semi-circular segmental form hinged at one side to the upper member, a cross bar extending between the lower end of the upper member, a depending vertical frame member pivoted at its lower end to the machine frame and rigidly secured at its upper end to the cross bar of the upper member, a foot treadle and a connecting rod pivoted at its lower end to the foot treadle and at its upper end to the depending vertical frame member at a distance above its lower pivoting point.
2. In a machine of the class described, a machine frame and a hoop, form consisting of two semi-circular segmental members hinged together at one side; the upper member being provided with a cross bar extending between its lower ends, a depending vertical frame member pivoted at its lower end to the machine frame, and rigidly secured at its upper end to the cross bar of the upper member, and means connected to the depending vertical frame member for swinging the hoop form into hoop stapling position, and also expanding said hoop form.
3. In a machine of the class described a main frame having an outwardly projecting portion, a vertical swing frame pivoted at its lower end to the outwardly projecting portion of the main frame, an expansible hoop form rigidly fastened to the upper end of the vertical swing frame, stapling mechanism supported in the main frame and a single manually operated means for simultaneously swinging the swing frame into stapling position and also expanding the hoop form.
4. In a machine of the class described, a machine frame, stapling mechanism in said frame, an expansible hoop form consisting of two hinged together members one of which is pivotally supported from the machine frame, and manually swinging and expanding means having a rod connected to the other member.
5. In a machine of the class described, a machine frame, stapling mechanism in said frame, an expansible hoop form consisting of two hinged together members one of which is pivotally supported from the machine frame, a foot treadle, and a rod connecting the foot treadle to the other member go of the hoop form.
6. In a machine of the class described, a main frame having an outwardly projecting portion, a vertical swing frame pivoted at its lower end to the outwardly projecting portion of the main frame, an expansible hoop form rigidly fastened to the upper end of the vertical swing frame, stapling mechanism supported in the main frame and a single manually operated means for simultaneously swinging the swing frame into stapling position and also expanding the hoop form; said means including a foot treadle and a connecting rod extending from the foot treadle and connected to the vertical swing frame.
7. In a hoop stapling apparatus of the character designated, the combination with stapling mechanism, of a swinging hoop former, a foot treadle connected to the hoop former for swinging the same into position for stapling, and means automatically actuated by the swinging movement of the hoop former for clamping the ends of the hoop on the former, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.
8. In a hoop stapling apparatus of the character designated, the combination with stapling mechanism, of a swinging hoop former, a foot treadle connected to the hoop no former for swinging the same into position for stapling, mechanism for automatically clamping the ends of the hoop in position on said swinging former as it swings into stapling position, and means for automatically releasing such clamping mechanism as it swings back out of position, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.
9. In a hoop stapling machine, a machine frame, and a swinging hoop former consisting of a fixed upper segmental section, a lower segmental section pivotally suspended at one end from said upper section and a vertical member fastened at its upper end to the fixed upper .section and pivoted at its lower end to the machine frame.
10. In a hoop stapling machine, a machine frame, and a swinging hoop former, consisting of a fixed upper segmental section, a lower segmental section pivotally suspended at one end from said upper section; said upper section having a cross bar and a vertical member fastened at its upper end to the cross bar of the upper member and pivoted at its lower end to the machine frame.
11. In a machine of the class described, a main frame and a hoop form composed of hinged together sections, a vertically depending member rigidly fastened at its upper end to one section and pivoted at its lower end to the main frame and means for .moving the other section to expand the hoop form; said means being so constructed and arranged that it also swings the depending member on its pivot as it expands the hoop form.
12. In a machine of the class described, a main frame, an expansible hoop form, a depending member rigidly fastened at its upper end to said hoop form and pivoted at its lower end to the main frame and means for simultaneously expanding the hoop form and swinging the depending member on its pivot toward the main frame.
13. In a machine of the class described the combination with stapling mechanism and a hoop form movable into and out of position with reference to the stapling mechanism, of a starting and stopping mechanism including a clutch which is automatically controlled by the movement of the hoop form.
14. In a machine of the class described, the combination with stapling mechanism, and a hoop form movable into and out of position with reference to the stapling mechanism, of a starting and stopping, mechanism including an automatically engaged and disengaged clutch and a toggle connected to said clutch and the movable hoop form.
15. In a machine of the class described, the combination with staple driving mechanism of a hoop form movable into and out of operative position with respect to the staple driving mechanism and means whereby the hoop form expands to size a hoop fitted thereon as it moves into operative position relative to the staple driving mechanism.
16. In a machine of the class described, a swing frame carrying a hoop form, means for swinging said frame and staple driving mechanism automatically thrown in operation when the swing frame is swung in position.

1,063,498 Jun. 03, 1913 Stave-bending machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,082,791 Dec. 30, 1913 Machine for tonguing and grooving the ends of wood flooring Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,092,515 Apr. 07, 1914 Bung-boring and bush-setting machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,101,391 Jun. 23, 1914 Barrel Heading-Up Machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY A. J. Sangster - patent attorney
This invention relates to improvements in machines for heading up barrels. One of the features of this invention has reference to a plate for supporting a plurality of barrel heads in superimposed position and manually operated means for raising said plate a distance about equal to the thickness of a barrel head, so that the heads may be successively removed from the plate by a suitable mechanism and carried to and deposited in proper position in the mouth of the barrel. Another feature has reference to a barrel head centering and supporting device composed of a ring arranged above the barrel supporting plate and provided with a series of spring mounted fingers supported by the ring and arranged in the form of an annulus, through which the barrel heads are successively forced by the elevation of the barrel head supporting plate; said fingers being bent at or near the middle so that the annulus will have outwardly flaring upper and lower portions and a constricted intermediate portion. Another feature has reference to a pneumatic carrying mechanism for picking up the parts of a barrel head by suction from its supported and centered position in the upper portion of the barrel head supporting ring, and carrying and depositing the same in proper position in the mouth of a barrel so that its surrounding edge will be in horizontal registering position with the chime or groove in the barrel staves. Another feature has reference to a barrel encircling cable which is adapted to be looped around the upper portion of a barrel arranged in the machine, the novel means for contracting the same around the staves of a barrel to grip and hold the barrel head in the chime or groove of the staves and a brake for locking the staves in their constricted position. The principal objects of the invention are to quickly and conveniently assemble and center the several parts or pieces comprising a barrel head, to pick up the same in its assembled condition and carry it to and adjust it in proper position in the mouth of a barrel, and to contract the staves to hold the head parts in place, and to hold said staves in contracted position while the carrying mechanism is detached and removed and the hoops are driven on.
I claim:—
1. The combination with heading mechanism, and a support for barrel heads, of pneumatic barrel head carrying mechanism adapted to remove a barrel head from the barrel head support and deposit it in proper position in the mouth of a barrel comprising an inner vertical tube having its up per end connected to a suitable source of air suction and provided with a side bend or elbow at its lower end, an inner short horizontal tube having a similar side bend or elbow at its inner end and pivotally bolted to the side bend or elbow of the vertical tube, an intermediate horizontal tube which is straight throughout and has its inner portion in slidable telescopic connection with the outer portion of the inner short horizontal tube, an outer short horizontal tube provided at its outer end with a side bend or elbow and having its inner portion in slidable telescopic 'connection with the outer portion of the straight intermediate horizontal tube, an outer short vertical tube having a side bend or elbow at its upper end pivotally bolted to the side bend or elbow of the outer short horizontal tube, and a suction plate attached to the lower end of the outer short vertical tube.
2. The combination with heading mechanism, and a support for barrel heads, of pneumatic barrel head carrying mechanism adapted to remove a barrel head from the barrel head support and deposit it in proper position in the mouth of a barrel comprising an inner vertical tube having its upper end connected to a suitable source of air suction and provided with a side bend or elbow at its lower end, an inner short horizontal tube having a similar side bend or elbow at its inner end and pivotally bolted to the side bend or elbow of the vertical tube, an intermediate horizontal tube which is straight throughout and has its inner end in slidable telescopic connection with the outer portion of the inner short horizontal tube, an outer short horizontal tube provided at its outer end with a side bend or elbow and having its inner end in slidable telescopic connection with the outer portion of the straight intermediate horizontal tube, an outer short vertical tube having a side bend or elbow at its upper end pivotally bolted to the side bend or 60 elbow of the outer short horizontal tube, a suction plate attached to the lower end of the outer short vertical tube and a slide mounted in the suction plate for closing the suction opening when desired; the side bends or elbows of the inner and outer vertical tubes being on the same side of and extending in the same direction and the side bends or elbows of the inner and outer horizontal tubes also being on the same side of and extending in the same direction but oppositely to the side bends or elbows of the inner and outer vertical tubes.

1,105,609 Aug. 04, 1914 Stave Jointing Machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY A. J. Sangster - patent attorney
My invention relates to stave jointing machines. The object of my invention is to provide a machine for jointing barrel staves possessing the improvements and advantages which will be evident from the following specification and the novel features particularly specified in the claims. It will be understood by those familiar with the art that barrel staves are formed from blanks or slats of wood, cut to the proper length and of varying widths. These blanks must be beveled on their edges to an angle approximately conformable to the barrel radius, and must also be so beveled on curved lines conformable to the desired bilge of the barrel; and, as will hereafter more fully appear, this curvature must be greater or less with reference to a given stave according to its width. By means of my improvements I am able to perform these several functions with speed and accuracy by using a circular saw and the several mechanisms and combinations which I will now describe by reference to the annexed drawings forming a part of this specification, and in which like characters of reference indicate corresponding parts.
I claim:
1. In a stave jointing machine, in combination with stave blank, holding means, a saw, a saw carriage, a bed upon which said carriage travels in horizontal plane, and means for causing said carriage to travel upon a curve on said plane and a curve varying in radius with the width of the stave blank comprising a carriage guide rigidly secured medially, blocks on said carriage engaging said guide, levers pivoted to the 85 free ends of said guide and fulcrumed to a fixed part of the machine,, and placing guides for moving a stave blank to position pivoted mediately to said levers.
2. In a stave jointing machine, in combination with a saw constantly driven in rotation, means for imparting intermittent movement to other mechanisms cooperating therewith comprising a clutch member constantly driven, a clutch member intermittently driven, a lever for throwing said second-mentioned clutch member in and out
of action, a brake for engaging said second clutch member and holding It out of action and against rotation until released by said lever. a bar acting upon said lever, a cam driven by a shaft driven by said clutch, a roller on said bar to contact with said cam for throwing said second member of said clutch out of action, a toggle for causing said bar to throw said clutch member into action, and a treadle governing said toggle.
3. In a stave jointing machine, means for placing and holding a stave blank in position for jointing comprising a rest, placing arms for bearing against the front edge of the stave blank to adjust the same transversely, clamping means for holding said placing arms rigidly during the sawing operation, means for clamping the blank to said rest during the jointing, a saw carriage movable with relation to the rest, a guide for the saw carriage and means movable in proportion to the movement of the placing arms for adjusting the guide of the saw carriage.
4. In a stave jointing machine, in combination with a saw and a saw carriage, a bed for said carriage for guiding the same in a horizontal plane, a guide for said carriage to direct its movement ever a curve to form the bilge curve of a stave, a shaft and a crank thereon for causing reciprocatory movement of said carriage, a lever and connecting rods for connecting said crank with said carriage, levers for bending said carriage guide on curves of varying radii, placing guides for placing a stave blank in position for jointing, and connections between said placing guides and said last-mentioned levers for causing bending of said carriage guide proportional to the width of the stave blank.

1,111,559 Sep. 22, 1914 Heading Press Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Geyer & Popp - patent attorneys
This invention relates to a machine which is designed to press together the several sections or pieces of wood which are united by .means of dowel pins for the purpose of producing heading from which circular barrel heads are cut. In order to produced a tight joint between the butting, edges of the heading section strips of flagging or similar material are usually placed in these joints. It is the object, of this invention to provide a machines of comparatively simple and durable construction whereby the operations of pressing the sections together over opposite ends of dowels and pointing of the dowels for facilitating placing the flagging between the heading sections is effected expeditiously, conveniently and economically.
I claim as my invention;
1. A heading press comprising a table adapted to support the heading, an anvil arranged on the table and provided with sockets adapted to receive dowel pins, and with abutting faces arranged at right angles to said pins for engaging the rear ends of the latter, and a hammer movable toward and from said anvil.
2. A heading press comprising a table adapted to support the heading, an anvil arranged on the table and provided with sockets adapted to receive dowel pins and with abutting faces arranged at right angles to said pins for engaging the rear ends of the latter, a hammer movable toward and from said anvil, and means for pointing the ends of said dowel pins while engaging said abutment.
3. A heading press comprising a table adapted to support the heading, an anvil arranged on the table and provided with sockets adapted to receive dowel pins, and with abutting faces arranged at right angles to said pins for engaging the rear ends of the latter, a hammer movable toward and from said anvil, and means for pointing the ends of said dowel pins while engaging said abutment comprising a cutter blade movable at an angle across the inner ends of said sockets.
4. A heading press comprising a table adapted to support the heading, an. anvil mounted, on the table and provided with sockets for receiving dowel; pins and having a guideway extending across said sockets and formed by the bottom of a groove in the anvil and a retaining block secured in the upper part of said groove, and a cutter blade sliding in said; guideway and adapted to point the front ends of the dowel pins in said sockets.
5. A heading press comprising a table adapted to support the heading, an anvil mounted on the table and provided with sockets for receiving dowel pins and having a guideway extending across said sockets and formed by the bottom of a groove in the anvil and a retaining block secured in the upper part of said groove, a cutter blade sliding in said guideway and adapted to point the front ends of the dowel pins in said sockets,; and means for reciprocating said cutter blade in said guideway.
6. A heading press comprising a table adapted to support the heading, an anvil mounted on the table and provided with sockets for receiving dowel pins and .having a guideway extending across said sockets and formed by the bottom of a groove in the anvil and a retaining block secured in the upper part of said groove, a cutter blade sliding hi said guideway and adapted to point the front ends of the dowel pins in said sockets, and means for reciprocating said cutter blade in said guideway, comprising an elbow lever having one of its arms connected with said cutter blade, a treadle connected with said elbow lever, and a spring for retracting said treadle and the parts associated therewith.
7. A heading press comprising a table adapted to support the heading and provided with an abutment, an anvil removably engaging with said abutment and provided with sockets adapted to receive dowel pins, and means for securing said anvil to the table comprising a clamping bolt mounted on the table and having a hook engaging with the upper side of said anvil.
8. A heading press comprising a frame having a table adapted to support the heading on its underside, an anvil arranged at one end of the table and adapted to support the heading at one edge thereof, a movable hammer adapted to strike the opposite edge of the heading and means for moving the hammer toward and from the anvil comprising a rock lever pivoted on the frame and means for adjustably connecting the hammer with said lever comprising a bearing block, resting on the hammer and provided with an opening which receives said lever, and bolts arranged in said block and in longitudinal slots in said hammer.

1,127,166 Feb. 02, 1915 Variable Speed Countershaft Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY A. J. Sangster - patent attorney
The invention relates generally to improvements in variable speed countershafts, and more particularly to a structure in which the power from the .driving element is transmitted to the driven element through a plurality of simultaneously, controlled friction elements. The main object of the present invention is the provision of a variable speed countershaft embodying duplicate simultaneously operated friction disks, the movement of the friction disks with relation to the adjacent disks cooperating therewith inducing the desired variation in speed and being manually controlled through a simple, effective mechanism. A further object is the provision of means for manually controlling the cooperation of the driving friction disk with the adjacent friction disk, whereby to readily govern the starting and stopping of the variable speed mechanism.
What is claimed is:
1. A variable speed counter-shaft including a driving shaft, a friction disk carried thereby, a driven shaft, a friction disk carried thereby, friction mechanism arranged intermediate the respective friction disks, means for normally setting the driven shaft to maintain contact between the friction mechanism and friction disk carried by said shaft, and manually operable means for adjusting the driving shaft to control the cooperation of its friction disk and the friction mechanism.
2. An adjusting means for controlling the cooperation of clutch elements of a variable speed counter-shaft, including a driving shaft, a lever pivoted beyond the shaft, projections carried by the shaft between which the lever is located, a fixture, a rod having threaded connection with said fixture and bearing against the lever, and means for turning the rod.


1,153,479 Sep. 14, 1915 Sandpapering-machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,153,480 Sep. 14, 1915 Hoop expanding and flaring machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,168,376 Jan. 18, 1916 Stave Bending Machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Geyer & Popp - patent attorneys
This invention relates to a machine for bending staves and more particularly staves which are adapted for repair work and which do not require a large outfit for making repairs. It is the object of this invention to produce a simple and efficient machine of this character which can be made at comparatively low cost, and one in which the several parts are readily adjustable to different lengths and sizes of staves.

1,195,962 Aug. 29, 1916 Stave Tonguing and Grooving Machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Geyer & Popp - patent attorneys
This invention relates to a machine for producing tongues and grooves on opposite longitudinal edges of barrel staves for the purpose of permitting adjacent staves of a barrel to be interlocked and thereby not only render the barrel tighter and stronger but also cause a weak stave in a barrel to be supported by two adjacent strong staves so that the barrel is prevented from leaking. Barrels made up of staves of this character are more particularly designed for packing flour, cement and other granular material which often requires such barrels to be lined on the inner side with paper or the like in order to avoid leakage. It is the purpose of this invention to provide a machine which permits of producing such staves expeditiously, economically, uniformly and ready to be assembled for making tight barrels.
1,241,080 Sep. 25, 1917 Machine for Preparing Shells to Receive Heads Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Geyer & Popp - patent attorneys
This invention relates to a machine for crozing, howeling, chamfering and trimming the ends of the staves and also the ridges between the howels and chamfers of the staves after the same have been assembled to form the body or shell of the barrel and before applying the final hoops and heads thereto. The object of this invention is to provide a machine for performing, these functions accurately, efficiently and expeditiously with a-minimum expenditure of labor and power.
I claim as my invention:
1. In a machine 'of the character described, the combination of a main frame, head stocks slidable on said frame toward and from each other, a chucking device mounted on each of said stocks and adapted to engage one end of a barrel shell, and means for shifting said head stocks comprising shifting members each of which is connected with one of said head stocks on substantially diametrically opposite sides thereof, fend pressure means connected with said shifting members axially in line with said head stocks and chucking devices.
2. In a machine of the character described the combination of a main frame, head stocks slidable on said frame toward and from each other, chucking devices mounted on said head stocks and adapted to engage opposite ends of a barrel shell, and means for shifting said head stocks comprising a yoke connected with each of said head stocks at substantially opposite sides thereof, a horizontal shifting rod connected with said yoke and arranged axially in line with the respective chucking device, arid rock levers pivoted on said frame and each connected with one of said shifting rods.
3. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a head stock, a main cutter lever pivoted on the head stock and. provided with a cutter adapted to approach the barrel shell from the inner side of the latter, an auxiliary cutter lever independent of said main lever pivoted on the head stock, and provided with a cutter adapted to approach the barrel shell from the outer side thereof, and means for transmitting motion from said main cutter lever to said auxiliary cutter lever comprising an adjustable tappet, which is curved concentrically with the main cutter lever and engages said auxiliary cutter lever, and a clamping screw for adjustably securing said tappet in an opening in said main cutter lever, said main and auxiliary cutter-levers having their axes arranged out of line with each other, the bearing face of said-tappet which engages said auxiliary cutter lever being arranged radially with reference to the axis of the main cutter lever on which it is mounted.
4. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a main frame, a head stock movable lengthwise of said frame, a cutter lever mounted on said stock, a bearing sleeve journaled on said head stock, a toggle arm mounted on said sleeve, a toggle link connecting said arm and lever, an operating shaft journaled in said frame and extending through said sleeve, said shaft and sleeve being constructed to compel the same to turn together but permit the sleeve to move lengthwise on the shaft independently of the. latter, and means for connecting and disconnecting said bearing sleeve. and toggle arm comprising a clutch sleeve splined on the bearing sleeve and provided with clutch teeth adapted to be engaged with and disengaged from the clutch teeth on the bearing sleeve.
5. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a main frame, a head stock movable lengthwise of said frame, a cutter lever mounted on said stock, a bearing sleeve journaled on said head stock, a toggle arm mounted on said sleeve, a toggle link connecting said arm and lever, an operating, shaft journaled in said frame and, extending through said sleeve, said shaft and sleeve being constructed to compel the same to turn together but permit the sleeve to move lengthwise on the shaft independently of the latter, and means for connecting and disconnecting said bearing, sleeve and toggle arm comprising a clutch sleeve splined on the bearing sleeve and provided with clutch teeth adapted, to be engaged with and disengaged from the clutch teeth on the bearing sleeve, and a stop arranged on said toggle arm and adapted to engage with an adjacent part of said head stock.
6. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a main frame, two head stocks mounted on said frame and movable toward and from each other, cutter levers mounted respectively on said head stocks, an operating shaft journaled on said frame, permanent means for operatively connecting one of said cutter, levers with said shaft, and detachable means for operatively connecting the other lever with said shaft.
7. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a main frame, two head-stocks mounted on said frame and movable toward and from each other, cutter levers mounted respectively on said head stocks, an operating shaft journaled on said frame, bearing sleeves journaled respectively on said head stocks, a relatively fixed toggle arm secured to one of said bearing sleeves and connected by a link with one of said cutter levers, a relatively loose toggle, arm mounted loosely on the other bearing sleeve and connected by a link with the other cutter, lever, and means for connecting and disconnecting said loose toggle arm and its companion bearing sleeve.
8. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a main frame, head stocks mounted on said frame, chuck rings rotatable in said stocks, a driving shaft journaled on the main frame and operatively connected with said chuck rings, a driving pulley, a clutch for connecting and disconnecting said driving pulley and. driving shaft, cutter levers mounted on said head stocks, an operating shaft operatively connected with said cutter levers, and a single means for shifting said operating shaft and clutch in unison.
9. In a machine of the character described, the combination of: a main frame, head stocks mounted on said frame, chuck rings rotatable in said stocks, a driving shaft journaled on the main frame and operatively connected with said chuck-rings, a clutch disk secured ,to said driving shaft, a driving pulley mounted loosely on said driving shaft, a shifting block mounted on said driving shaft and engaging said pulley, a spring for moving said shifting block and engaging said pulley with said clutch disk, cutter levers mounted on said head stocks, an operating shaft journaled on the main frame and operatively connected with said cutter levers, an intermediate lever connected with said shifting block, and a cam mounted on said operating shaft and engaging said intermediate lever.
10. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a main frame, head stocks mounted on said frame, chuck rings rotatable in said stocks, a driving shaft journaled on the main frame and operatively connected with said chuck rings, a clutch-disk-secured to said driving shaft, a driving pulley mounted loosely on said driving shaft, a shifting'block mounted on said driving, shaft and engaging said pulley, a spring for moving said shifting block and engaging said pulley with said clutch disk, cutter levers mounted on said head stock,, ah operating shaft journaled on the main frame and operatively connected with said cutter levers, an intermediate lever connected with said shifting block, a cam mounted on said operating shaft and engaging said intermediate lever, and an operating lever connected with said operating shaft.
11. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a main frame, head stocks mounted on said frame, chuck rings rotatable in said stocks, a driving shaft journaled on the main frame and operatively connected with said chuck rings, a clutch disk secured to said driving shaft, a driving pulley mounted loosely on said driving shaft, a shifting block mounted on said driving shaft and engaging said pulley, a spring for moving said shifting block and engaging said pulley with said clutch disk, cutter levers mounted on said head stocks, an operating shaft journaled on the main frame and operatively connected with said cutter levers, an intermediate lever connected with said shifting block, a cam mounted on said operating shaft and engaging said intermediate lever, and means for holding said shifting block in an inoperative position independently of said operating shaft.
12. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a main frame, head stocks mounted on said frame, chuck rings rotatable in said stocks, a driving shaft journaled on the main frame and operatively connected with said chuck rings, a clutch disk secured to said driving shaft, a driving pulley mounted loosely on said driving shaft, a shifting block mounted on said driving shaft and engaging said pulley, a spring for moving said shifting block and engaging said pulley with said clutch disk, cutter levers mounted on said head stocks, an operating shaft journaled on the main frame and operatively connected with said cutter levers, an intermediate lever connected with said shifting block, a cam mounted on said operating shaft and engaging said intermediate lever, and means for holding said shifting block in an inoperative position independently of said operating shaft comprising a tappet connected with said shifting block and a cam lever pivoted on the main frame and having a cam engaging with said tappet.
13. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a main frame, a supporting bar mounted on the frame, a head stock slidable on said bar, and means for clamping said head stock on. said bar comprising a clamping block guided on the head stock and bearing against the bar, an inner clamping lever pivoted on the head stock and engaging the clamping block, and an outer clamping lever having one of its arms engaging said inner clamping lever.
14. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a main frame, a supporting bar mounted on the frame, a head stock slidable on said bar, and means for clamping said head stock on said bar comprising a clamping block guided on the head stock and bearing against the bar, an inner clamping lever pivoted on the head stock and engaging the clamping block, an outer clamping lever having one of its arms engaging said inner clamping lever, a rock arm, and a spring interposed between said rock arm and outer clamping arm.
15. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a main frame, a supporting bar mounted on the frame, a head stock slidable on said bar, and means for clamping said head stock on said bar comprising a clamping block guided on the head stock and bearing against the bar, an inner clamping lever pivoted on the head stock and engaging the clamping block, an outer clamping lever having one of its arms engaging said inner clamping lever and provided in its other arm with an opening, a rock arm, a shifting rod connected with said rock arm and passing through the opening of said outer clamping arm, and a spring interposed between said outer clamping arm and a collar on said shifting rod.
16. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a main frame, a supporting bar mounted on said frame, a head stock slidable on said bar, a cutter lever pivotally mounted on said head stock, a device for clamping said head stock on said bar, a chuck ring rotatably mounted on said head stock, a driving shaft, a clutch device for connecting and disconnecting said chuck ring and driving shaft, and means for simultaneously operating said clutch device, clamping device and cutter lever.

1,294,758 Feb. 18, 1919 Machine for Cutting Ends of Barrel Shells and Removing Hoops Therefrom Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Geyer & Popp - patent attorneys
This invention relates to a machine for operating on the ends of the bodies or shells of barrels preparatory to applying the heads thereto, and more particularly to a machine which cuts the ends of barrel shells and also removes temporary hoops therefrom preparatory to applying the permanent hoops and heads to the ends of the shells. It is the object of this invention to produce a machine which will accomplish this purpose automatically, economically and expeditiously with an expenditure of a minimum amount of manual labor and power.

1,305,053 May. 27, 1919 Bandsaw stave-jointer Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,315,275 Sep. 09, 1919 Machine for Removing Hoops from Barrels Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Geyer & Popp - patent attorneys
This invention relates to a machine for removing the temporary hoops of the shell or body of barrels after ' applying the permanent: bilge hoops thereto and before applying the end hoops to the same. In the case of heavy barrels, such as those used for packing beer and similar goods, these temporary hoops, are driven onto the barrel shells very securely and under heavy power so as to reliably hold the staves in place to receive the permanent hoops, and it therefore also requires considerable power to remove these temporary hoops from the shell.
I claim as my invention:
1. A machine for removing hoops from barrels comprising a support for the barrel, means for engaging a hoop on said barrel and removing the same lengthwise therefrom and actuating means for moving said hoop engaging means inwardly in an inoperative position and outwardly in an operative position.
2. A machine for removing hoops from barrels comprising a main frame, a support for engaging the barrel on its underside, means for engaging the hoops on the upper side of the barrel and removing the same therefrom and actuating means for moving said hoop engaging means inwardly in an inoperative position and outwardly in an operative position.
3. A machine for removing hoops from barrels comprising a main frame, a support for engaging the barrel on its under side, means for engaging the hoops on the upper side of the barrel and removing the same therefrom, comprising two transversely movable pulling bars, each of which is provided with a claw adapted to engage a hoop on the barrel and means for shifting said bars into their inoperative position while moving inwardly and into their operative position while moving outwardly.
4. A machine for removing hoops from barrels, comprising a main frame, a support for engaging the barrel on its underside, means for engaging the hoops on the upper side of the barrel and removing the same therefrom, comprising two transversely movable pulling bars, claws arranged on said bars and adapted to engage the hoops on the barrel, means for imparting a vertically reciprocating movement to said bars, comprising a yoke pivoted on said
frame to swing vertically, and tappets arranged on said yoke and engaging with said bars, and means for longitudinally reciprocating said bars.
5. A machine for removing hoops from barrels, comprising a main frame, a support for engaging the barrel on its underside, means for engaging the hoops on the upper side of the barrel and removing the same therefrom, comprising two transversely movable pulling bars, claws arranged on said bars and adapted to engage the hoops on the barrel, means for imparting a vertically reciprocating movement to said bars comprising a yoke pivoted on said
frame to swing vertically, tappets arranged on said yoke and engaging with said bars, a rotary cam, a cam lever engaging with said cam, and a connecting rod connecting said cam lever with said yoke, and means for longitudinally reciprocating said bars.
6. A machine for removing hoops from barrels, comprising a main frame, a support for engaging the barrel on its underside, means for engaging the hoops on the upper side of the barrel and removing the same therefrom, comprising two transversely movable pulling bars, claws arranged on said bars and adapted to engage the hoops on the barrel, means for imparting a vertically reciprocating movement to said bars comprising a yoke pivoted on said frame to swing vertically, tappets arranged on said yoke and engaging with said bars, a rotary cam, a cam lever engaging with said cam, and a connecting rod connecting said cam lever with said yoke, holding jaws arranged on said yoke and adapted to engage the upper side of the barrel, and means for longitudinally reciprocating said bars.
7. A machine for removing hoops from barrels comprising a main frame, a support for engaging the barrel on its underside, means for engaging the hoops on the upper side of the barrel and removing the same therefrom, and means for holding the barrel while the hoops are being removed therefrom and constructed to move toward and from the periphery thereof.
8. A machine for removing hoops from barrels comprising a main frame, a support for engaging the barrel on its underside, means for engaging the hoops on the upper side of the barrel and removing the same therefrom, and means for holding the barrel while the hoops are being removed therefrom, comprising a yoke pivoted on said frame to swing vertically, holding jaws mounted on said yoke and adapted to engage the upper side of the barrel, a rotary cam, a cam lever engaging said cam, and a rod connecting said cam lever and yoke.
9. A machine for removing hoops from barrels comprising a main frame, a support for engaging the barrel on its underside, means for engaging the hoops on the upper side of the barrel and removing the same therefrom, and means for holding the barrel while the hoops are being removed therefrom comprising a yoke pivoted on said frame to swing vertically and provided with longitudinal rows of openings, holding jaws adapted to engage the upper side of said barrel and provided with attached plates having vertical slots, and bolts passing ' through said slots and said openings in the yoke.
10. A machine for removing hoops from barrels comprising a main frame, a support for engaging the barrel on its underside, means for engaging the hoops on the upper side of the barrel and removing the same therefrom comprising pulling bars arranged transversely above the path of the barrels, claws arranged on the bars and adapted to engage the hoops of the barrels, means for imparting a vertical movement to said bars, and means for moving said bars horizontally inwardly in a raised inoperative position and outwardly in a de5 pressed operative position comprising elbow levers pivoted on said frame to swing vertically and transversely and having their upper arms pivotally connected with said pull bars, cam levers pivoted on said frame to swing vertically and lengthwise and engaging the lower arms of said elbow levers, and rotary cams engaging said cam levers. A machine for removing hoops from barrels comprising a main frame a support for engaging the barrel on its underside, means for engaging the hoops on the upper side of the barrel and removing the same therefrom comprising pulling bars arranged transversely above the path of the barrels, claws arranged on the bars and adapted to engage the hoops of the barrels, means for imparting a vertical movement to said bars, means for moving said bars horizontally comprising elbow levers pivoted on said frame to swing vertically and transversely and having their upper arms pivotally connected with said pull bars, cam levers pivoted on said frame to swing vertically and lengthwise and engaging the lower, arms of said elbow levers, rotary cams engaging said cam levers, vertically movable tappets engaging with said bars, springs connecting said bars with the lower arms of said elbow levers, and means for moving the tappets to engage said bars as the pull which; removes the hoops is taking place.
12. A machine for removing hoops from barrels comprising a main frame, means for supporting the barrels in the working position, means for engaging the hoops and removing the same from the shell of the barrel, a driving mechanism, a clutch for coupling and uncoupling said driving mechanism and hoop removing means, a trip arm arranged in the path of the barrels and adapted to be shifted by the latter when in the working position, and means for transmitting the movement of said trip arm under the action of a barrel to said clutch for coupling the same.

1,404,923 Jan. 31, 1922 Machine for heading up barrels Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,484,055 Feb. 19, 1924 Fan Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,516,662 Nov. 25, 1924 Compressor-jaw mounting for barrel machines Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,527,961 Feb. 24, 1925 Hoop-removing machine Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Improvement to patent 1,315,275.
1,529,685 Mar. 17, 1925 Machine for making barrels Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,530,976 Mar. 24, 1925 Machine for rounding and sizing barrel heads Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,550,491 Aug. 18, 1925 Machine for making barrels Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,559,401 Oct. 27, 1925 Compressing mechanism for barrel-making machines Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY
1,564,043 Dec. 01, 1925 Heading holder for barrel-making machines Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Geyer & Popp - patent attorneys
This invention relates to a pneumatic gripper which is more particularly designed as a head holder or gripper for inserting barrel heads into the chines at opposite ends of the staves thereof which machines are generally known in the trade as "heading up machines" but the same may also be used to advantage for holding or gripping other articles. It is the object of this invention to provide an apparatus for this purpose which will securely hold an article for example a barrel head and permit of readily rocking and turning the same so that it will enter the chine of the staves easily, which can be conveniently manipulated with a minimum expenditure of labor and which has a minimum number of parts so organized that they are not liable to get out of order while in use.

1,578,184 Mar. 23, 1926 Adjustable support for barrels and the like Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Popp & Powers - patent attorneys
This invention relates to barrel support for barrel making machines and more particularly means for supporting barrels of different heights in machines which apply heads to the bodies of the barrels. It is the object of this invention to provide barrel supporting means which are of simple construction, not liable to get out of order and capable of being readily and easily adjusted for elevating or lowering the supporting surface and thus adapt the same to the height of the barrel which is being headed or otherwise operated upon.

1,611,577 Dec. 21, 1926 Machine for making barrels Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Popp & Powers - patent attorneys
This invention relates to a machine for making barrels of the type in which the body is composed of a plurality of longitudinal staves and hoops surrounding the staves, and the heads are each constructed of one or more sections having the form of a circular disk and secured with its edge in a croze in the staves at the respective end of the barrel body. The objects of this invention are to provide improved means for holding a stack of barrel heads; improved means for transferring these heads one at a time into the previously assembled barrel bodies; improved means for compressing the staves at each end of the barrel body around the respective head preparatory to applying a hoop thereto; improved means for driving or hammering the end hoop at each end of the barrel downwardly for holding the staves in engagement with the respective head; and to provide various instrumentality’s of a novel character for operating each of these devices and to produce automatic cooperation between the same.

1,632,110 Jun. 14, 1927 Barrel-reversing mechanism Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Popp & Powers - patent attorneys
This invention relates to a machine for reversing end-for-end barrels while the same are mounted in an apparatus which is adapted to apply heads to opposite ends of the barrel, which machines in the coopering art are known as heading-up machines. It is the object of this invention to provide a machine for this purpose which is comparatively simple in construction, which can be easily and conveniently operated and which permits quickly reversing a barrel end for end and maintaining the same reliably in position with reference to other parts of a heading-up machine which operate to apply, heads successively to, opposite ends of the barrel
1,723,838 Aug. 06, 1929 Machine for making barrels Edwin F. Beugler Buffalo, NY Popp & Powers - patent attorneys
This invention relates to a machine for making slack barrels having a body composed of an annular row of longitudinal staves, each of which tapers toward its opposite ends, so that the completed barrel has a bilge midway of its length, and the several staves being held together by surrounding hoops arid having their opposite ends trimmed and provided on their inner sides with crozes adapted to receive the edges of the barrel heads, and chamfered faces between said crozes and trimmed ends whereby the heads are guided toward the crozes upon assembling the parts. Generally speaking, it is the object of this invention to provide improved means for assembling the staves, drawing the same together into the form of a tubular body and loosely applying the truss or temporary end hoops thereto, and driving the permanent bilge hoops on the middle part of the body and the truss or temporary hoops on the ends of the same.

1,799,840 Apr. 07, 1931 Barrel-making machine Edwin F. Buegler Buffalo, NY
1,799,841 Apr. 07, 1931 Barrel chamfering, crozing, and trimming apparatus Edwin F. Buegler Buffalo, NY See also patent 1,723,838.
1,799,842 Apr. 07, 1931 Barrel-making machine Edwin F. Buegler Buffalo, NY