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Manufacturers Index - John Greenwood & Co.
This page contains information on patents issued to this manufacturer.

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Patent Number Date Title Name City Description
11,858 Oct. 31, 1854 Shingle machine Harry H. Evarts Chicago, IL The patent was extended for seven years. A few years into the extension, "Application for Reissue, in two divisions, filed January 8, 1874." According to the "Decisions of the Commissioner of Patents" for 1874, the reissue was rejected. There is, however, an AI (Additional Improvements) patent, for making staves.
This patent was litigated in H. H. Evarts et al. vs. David M. Ford, in front of Judge J. Blodgett of the Northern District Court of Illinois, in November 1873. "The third claim of the patent granted H. H. Evarts, October 1, 1854, for improvement in shingle-machines, which is, 'presenting the sides of the fibers of the wood to the action of the saws in the sawing of shingles or equivalent articles, for the purpose of giving them smoother surfaces than can be produced by the usual mode of sawing,' if construed literally, asserts a right to a result, and cannot be sustained. Construed as a claim for the mechanism by which the result is effected, it may be sustained. A patent for a machine in which a shingle-bolt is fastened automatically by dogged teeth upon a rotating carriage, which presents it sidewise to the saw, is not infringed by a machine in which the bolt is by hand fastened to a reciprocating carriage, and by hand shoved to the saw and withdrawn. Evarts having failed to patent his hand-machine, made while experimenting and before taking out his patent on his perfected machine, and having failed to mention or describe it in the specification of the patent he did take out, is held to have abandoned it to the public. The opinion of the Commissioner of Patents, granting an extension, is entitled to great weight on the question of novelty."
Quoting from "Reports of Cases Arising Upon Letters Patent for Invention" by Samuel Sparks Fisher: "It is an ingenious and complete machine for sawing shingles from the block. A block, T (in the engraving represented in broken lines), is placed on each table, P, P'; is seized by dogs, actuated by H, and teeth t' and carried by the saws A, as the cogged rim F revolves. The tables P, P' are so inclined in respect to saws as to give the required taper to the shingle. The lever cams H are rocked on fulcrums in the rim D, by cams n', n', so that two at a time of the dogs i shall pierce the block as it arrives near the saw, or at T, by which time the other two dogs i, which hold the block thus far, are withdrawn; thus but two dogs, together with the teeth t', carry a block around. It must be observed that, to give the proper taper, the beds P, P' slope inward and downward from the saws the angle required. As the block always bears against this bed as it meets the saws, the taper necessarily results. The block is sawed alternately from end to end, giving the thin and thick ends of shingles, alternately from each end of the block. As soon as one shingle is cleared, it drops, and the dogs i, now holding the block, are withdrawn (by cams n', n'), and the block drops a distance equal to the thickness of the shingle just formed on the bed H, and is in the exact position to meet the next saw, just before clearing which, two dogs, i, quickly clamp it, and hold it until past this saw. Thus it may be seen that a block placed on one of the tables, and the machinery being in motion, the machine will convert it into shingles without further manual assistance."
24,458 Jun. 21, 1859 Machine for chamfering barrel-heads John Greenwood Rochester, NY
46,661 Mar. 07, 1865 Improvement in machines for making heads to barrels John Greenwood Rochester, NY "My invention consists, essentially, in an arrangement of mechanism on a swing frame in such a manner that when said frame is swung forward so as to bring its operating parts in communication with the driving machinery, the clamp heads will be moved together to hold the boards to be cut, and the latter will be moved up to the cutter; also, in the arrangement of parts for releasing the swing-frame after the barrel-head has been cut."
70,393 Nov. 05, 1867 Improved emery-wheels for grinding and polishing saws, &c. George L. Benton Rochester, NY
79,651 Jul. 07, 1868 Improvement in machines for cutting staves John Greenwood Rochester, NY
127,478 Jun. 04, 1872 Improvement in machines for crozing and chamfering barrels John Greenwood Rochester, NY
145,942 Dec. 30, 1873 Improvement in machines for forcing hoops on barrels John Greenwood Rochester, NY
167,166 Aug. 31, 1875 Improvement in machines for chamfering and crozing barrels John Greenwood Rochester, NY
RE7,093 May. 02, 1876 Improvement in machines for crozing and chamfering barrels John Greenwood Rochester, NY
199,056 Jan. 08, 1878 Hoop-making machine John Greenwood Rochester, NY
199,057 Jan. 08, 1878 Improvement in machines for making staves John Greenwood Rochester, NY
199,058 Jan. 08, 1878 Improvement in barrel-hoop machines John Greenwood Rochester, NY
611,475 Sep. 27, 1898 Lubricator John Greenwood Rochester, Monroe County, NY